Peercoin price today, PPC marketcap, chart, and info ...

What we can learn from Litecoin falling out of Top10

So as LTC is dropping out of Top10 coins on cmc for the first time (currently sitting at 12) I think it is time to get some insights out of its demise.
Many people in crypto community (especially here in btc) know that LTC is, while not being an outright shitcoin, basically a useless coin. The advantages it had over BTC were really small for most of its lifetime (except for BTC high fee times), and compared to most other alts it was inferior. It had no roadmap other than being a testing ground for BTC and backporting their changes. But what it had, was a clever marketing or "story to tell". Litecoin is silver to BTC's gold. With this simple marketing trick it managed to closely align it to Cryptos biggest Community (BTC) and also paved the way for the greatest dogma in crypto that developed over the years: that Bitcoin is not meant to be spend BTC rather hoarded like gold and if you need to make actual crypto payment you do it with Litecoin.
This marketing ensured that LTC could stay in Top10 for almost a decade, whereas other coins out of the 2011-2013 copycat altcoin era, even some that provided actual advantage (think of Peercoin for example) have long been forgotton.
So what can we learn from this? In crypto community there is a lot of joking about the market being irrational, shitcoins like IOTA which do not even work having the same price development as legit projects, useless projects pumping like mad because they spend all their ICO money on marketing, sentiments like "the market can stay longer irrational than you can solvent" and so and so on. In the case of LTC it is now possible to quantify how long the market can stay irrational in extreme cases: Almost a decade. Measured in crypto time frames almost an eternity, but not a lifespan.
Also important to note is that Litecoin compared to BCH has (even before their current artificial increase) better onchain stats regarding transaction count, active adresses etc. Nevertheless the gap between the coins continues to widen. The market DOES price in tech, future outlook, roadmap and things alike.
So in conclusion: 1. Marketing is extremely important and can outweigh actual tech and roadmap in the short and mid-term (up to 8 years in extreme cases), but not in the long term. 2. Community sentiment can have tremendous impact, just because LTC aligned closely with BTC community they managed to survive much longer than similiar projects from the era. 3. Over time the market does take into account future perspective and outlook.
BCH should take steps accordingly, continue to invest in solid and novel tech, but also increase its reputation in the wider crypto community (pro tip: not constantly shitting on other projects help). In a few years we can earn the fruit of it.
Another thing that came to my mind is that crypto market actually works the direct opposite of current stock market. In crypto, everything changes super fast but the actual market elements to work (valuing fundamental value, expectation trading) takes ages. In stock market (if you look at Tesla for example) things go way slower but basic market functions are comparably quicker (as seen in Tesla having better stock than other car manufacturers, despite being arguably profitable and delivering much less cars, but what matters is actual tech and future expectations).
What do you think of the analysis?
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What you need to know about Blockchain

What you need to know about Blockchain
Category and version
The Blockchain system is divided into 3 main categories:
Public: Anyone has the right to read and write data on Blockchain. The process of validating transactions on this Blockchain requires thousands or tens of thousands of nodes. Therefore, to attack this Blockchain system is impossible because the cost is quite high. For example: Bitcoin, Ethereum ...
Private: User is only allowed to read data, not write because this belongs to an absolutely trusted third party. This organization may or may not allow users to read data under certain circumstances. The third party has the sole discretion to decide any changes on the Blockchain. Since this is a Private Blockchain, the transaction confirmation time is quite fast because only a small number of devices are required to validate the transaction. For example, Ripple is a Private Blockchain, this system allows 20% of the nodes to be fraudulent and only the remaining 80% to operate stably.
Permissioned: Also known as Consortium, a form of Private but adds a certain number of features, combining "belief" when participating in Public and "absolute trust" when participating in Private. For example: Banks or joint venture financial institutions will use Blockchain for themselves. I believe this site can give you more knowledge: Bitcoin exchange.

https://preview.redd.it/ve887fn2z8t51.jpg?width=960&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=dce795f360c03db058e78c882781663feafc6080
In the present, Blockchain is divided into 3 versions:
Blockchain 1.0 - Currency and Payment: The main application of this version is cryptocurrency: including currency conversion, remittances and the creation of digital payment systems. This is also the area most familiar to us that sometimes quite a lot of people mistake Bitcoin and Blockchain as one.
Blockchain 2.0 - Finance and Market: Application of financial and banking processing: to scale up Blockchain, bring in financial and market applications. Assets include stocks, checks, debt, title and anything related to an agreement or a contract.
Blockchain 3.0 - Designing and Monitoring Operations: Bringing Blockchain beyond financial borders, and into fields like education, government, health, and the arts. In these areas, there will be multiple types like physical, digital or human in nature.
Blockchain consensus algorithm
The consensus mechanism in Blockchain can be understood as the way that Byzantine generals can reach consensus to win together. The following are common types of consensus mechanisms:
Proof of Work: Common in Bitcoin, Ethereum, Litecoin, Dogecoin, and most cryptocurrencies. Consumes quite a lot of electrical energy.
Proof of Stake: Popular in Decred, Peercoin and in the future, Ethereum and many other cryptocurrencies. More decentralized, less energy consuming and not easily intimidated.
Delegated Proof-of-Stake: Popular in Steemit, EOS, BitShares. Cheap transaction costs; extendable; high energy efficiency. However, there is still a bit of focus because this algorithm selects a trusted person to authorize.
Proof of Authority: This is a centralized model commonly seen in POA.Network, Ethereum Kovan testnet. High performance, good scalability.
Proof-of-Weight: Popular in Algorand, Filecoin. Customizable and good scalability. However, the development process will be a big challenge.
Byzantine Fault Tolerance: Popular in Hyperledger, Stellar, Dispatch, and Ripple. High productivity; low cost; extendable. However, it is still not completely reliable. This algorithm has 2 versions:
Practical Byzantine Fault Tolerance (Anti-fraud consensus / Byzantine General surrounded Blockchain in practice)
Federated Byzantine Agreement (Byzantine Alliance by Consensus)
Directed Acyclic Graphs (Topological Algorithm): Commonly found in Iota (Tangle technology), Hashgraph, Raiblocks / Nano (Block-lattice technology), is a competitor of Blockchain.
Why is Blockchain supported?
The 3 main properties of Blockchain technology that have helped it to achieve a widespread welcome are:
Decentralized (decentralized)
transparent
Invariant
Decentralization
Before Bitcoin and Blockchain came along, we were used to centralized services. Specifically, you have a centralized entity that stores all of the data, and you must interact with this entity to retrieve the requested information.
Another example of a centralized system is banking. They store all your money, and the only way you can use it is through the bank.
The traditional client-server model is a good example of centralization:
What is Blockchain technology?
When you go to Google to search for something, you will send a query to the server and the results will return to you with the relevant information. It's also the simple client-server model.
Although centralized systems have been so familiar to us for many years, they do have some flaws:
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Nuv mining | Can You Creat a Ton Of Money Via Bitcoin Mining?

Consumers, investors, fanatics or even technology smart geeks may be wonderful Bitcoin enthusiasts. They can even follow all Bitcoin information as well as have a solitary inquiry in mind. People might simply want to figure out, whether an optimistic future can be taken of mining different cryptocurrencies. Well, it's not a trick or stunning paid announcement. Mining of cryptocurrencies can be a smart step, aside from being a financially rewarding one. And also the appeal of Bitcoin market can not be denied as well. The Bitcoin boom of 2013 and its huge rise in value brought about its reputation. The roller-coaster ride of Bitcoin as well as the other cryptocurrencies, called as Altcoins, discovered a location of reputation in each dictionary of the world. Digital currencies have actually earned adequate direct exposure, and a mining occupation including them can really supply earnings. The miners nevertheless, have to have three points - adequate time, adequate money and an unequaled perseverance.
nuv mining
The initial hurdle involves the option of a cryptocurrency. A fanatic can go on to mine Bitcoin. Or instead pick to extract other readily available cryptocurrencies, Dogecoin, Litecoin or Peercoin. In other words, miners have a lot of options. Comparable to stock, even cryptocurrencies have classifications, blue chip or dime. Mining the blue chip category is commonly associated with security, integrity and a greater amount of profit. Financial on these attributes, individuals are much more inclined towards Bitcoin mining, even if it includes utilizing an enormous computer power. Altcoins, on the other hand, can also offer a fair gain as algorithms are less complex. However with Altcoins, simplicity of mining as well as the potential gains are not always proportional.
nuvmining
Hardware is an element that begins to disclose the real examination. Also a techno-savvy miner can not refute the Bitcoin problem linked to brand-new block generation. The point is to decide upon the computing power to be used. For Bitcoins, algorithms have come to be difficult to hash. Thus, GPUs of gigantic power combined with high-end RAMs and also reputable hard disk drives have to do all the task. The point is to hash at a quick price. Several high-end GPUs running together can speed up block generation and also consequently the payouts. On the various other hand, picking an item of software could not be as tricky. Windows can be selected as the required OS, yet open-source Linux does a far better job. One more demand is a digital wallet. Extracted money have to be kept. One can keep it locally on hard-drive or remotely online. A miner just has to select wisely.
With hardware and software in position, the task of mining begins. A miner may do it all alone, as well as collect all advantages. However the gear has to be tremendously effective. So it's fairly doubtful. Mining pools appear to be a sensible solution as people team up to contribute hash power and makers. Thus coins obtain extracted at a great speed. Collaborating has its advantages; miners get their reasonable share. Multipool is an economical choice. If Altcoin mining is to be embarked on, Middlecoin should be the miner's choice. So with all the active ingredients in place, a profitable mining gear can start. First investment may seem overwhelming, however the earnings are worthwhile!
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Daily analysis of cryptocurrencies 20190918(Market index 38— Fear state)

Daily analysis of cryptocurrencies 20190918(Market index 38— Fear state)

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IBM And Citibank Join Singapore Late-Stage Blockchain Accelerator IBM, Citibank, and video game giant Ubisoft have signed up to Singapore-based blockchain accelerator Tribe Accelerator. Local news outlet TheStraitsTimes reported on Sept. 18 that the companies above joined as corporate partners Tribe accelerator for the second edition of its four-month program. Per the report, Tribe helps blockchain startups in their growth-stage by connecting them with major corporations. Startups of this second group operate in fields such as media and advertising, cybersecurity, healthcare, fintech and supply chain management.
Bitcoin Core Developer Advocates Again To Decrease BTC Block Size Luke Dashjr, core developer of Bitcoin, advocates to decrease Bitcoin block size via Twitter once again. Lightning network provider Bitrefill CEO Sergej Kotliar previously tweeted to say, “we’ve been celebrating that the % of SegWit transactions went above 50% the past weeks. In fact the number of bech32 transactions increased 100–200%.” Regarding the view, Luke Dashjr commented that spammers are abusing SegWit’s block size increase to gain an advantage over legit Bitcoin users. He added, “Reducing the block size limit could rebalance this unfair advantage / bad incentive SegWit has created”
European Space Agency Backs Blockchain Satellite Project Blockchain startup SpaceChain has won a 60,000 euro grant from the European Space Agency (ESA) to investigate use-cases for their satellite-based blockchain wallet system.
Ethereum Classic Is Preparing For Agharta Hard Fork Scheduled For March 2020 Through its official Twitter handle, Ethereum Classic revealed that the team has already started working on another upgrade. The tweet reads, “Ethereum Classic Engineers Begin Work on the Next Network Upgrade Nicknamed #Agharta.” The Agharta hard fork would include upgrades from the Constantinople and Petersburg upgrades on Ethereum and will introduce a feature called generalized account versioning scheme. This feature is a versioning system of smart contract accounts that resemble EVM versions which allow smart contracts on ETC to have several account versions at any time.

Encrypted project calendar(September 18, 2019)

OKB/OKB: OKB (OKB) On September 18th, OKEx will hold an institutional meeting in London to share the regulatory environment issues facing encryption organizations. MIOTA/IOTA: IOTA (MIOTA) IOTA will host a community event on the theme of “Internet of Things, I3 and IOTA” at the University of Southern California in Los Angeles on September 18.

Encrypted project calendar(September 19, 2019)

NRG/Energi: Energi (NRG) Energi will launch a trading competition on the KuCoin platform on September 9th. By September 19th, 800 NRG will be presented to the top 470 participants. ADA/Cardano: The Cardano (ADA) project official will host the Wyoming hackathon from September 19th to 22nd. KIN/Kin: The Kin (KIN) project team will host a community gathering in Toronto on September 19. BTC/Bitcoin: The 2019 Open Core Summit will be held in San Francisco from September 19th to 20th. BSV/Bitcoin SV: The Bitcoin SV (BSV) BSV Eco Conference will be held in Hangzhou, China on September 19th. OKEX will jointly host the event as a strategic partner of BSV. NPX/NaPoleonX: NaPoleonX (NPX) Binance DEX will be online NPX at 9:30 am (UTC) on September 19.

Encrypted project calendar(September 20, 2019)

NULS / NULS: The NULS 2.0 Beta hackathon will be held from September 20th to September 21st, 2019. AE/Aeternity: Aeternity (AE) will hold “Cosmos One” conference in Prague, Czech Republic on September 20th COCOS/COCOS: The Cocos-BCX (COCOS) Oasis Arena hackathon will take place from September 20th to 22nd in Shanghai, China (“GO Shanghai”). RVN/Ravencoin: The Ravencoin (RVN) Ravencoin project team will host the “Ravencoin Asia 2019” party in Seoul, South Korea on September 20.

Encrypted project calendar(September 21, 2019)

BTC/Bitcoin: The 6th FINWISE Global Summit Macau will be held from September 21st to 22nd. Distributed Financial Technology (DeFi) is the main topic of this conference. OKB/OKB: OKB (OKB) OKEx The Africa Cryptour series of talks in Kenya will take place on September 21 in Nairobi. ADA/Cardano: Cardano (ADA) Cardano Ambassador Marin Kramaric will host the Ada community gathering in Croatia on September 21. ZIL/Zilliqa: The Zilliqa (ZIL) Zilliqa project representative will attend the “Bitcoin and Blockchain Future” conference in London, UK on September 21st.

Encrypted project calendar(September 22, 2019)

NPXS/Pundi X: Pundi X (NPXS) PundiX Labs will officially launch the XPOS transaction at the “AkiColle” event in Tokyo on September 22.

Encrypted project calendar(September 23, 2019)

BTC/Bitcoin: Bakkt, the digital asset platform led by ICE, the parent company of the New York Stock Exchange and the world’s second largest trading group, will launch a bitcoin physical delivery futures contract on September 23. EOS/EOS: EOS main network is expected to upgrade version 1.8 on September 23 DCDecred: Project leader Jake Yocom-Piatt of Decred (DCR) Decrex will attend the Encryption Community Party in San Francisco on September 23 and will deliver a speech.

Encrypted project calendar(September 24, 2019)

ENG/Enigma: Enigma (ENG) ENG main network token snapshot will end on September 24, the original start time is August 26. LINA (LINA): Lina Review will host the Lina network launch event in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam on September 24th and release a 10-year operational strategy. Cappasity (CAPP): Cappasity will showcase its digital signage solutions in luxury stores at the Paris Retail Week from September 24th to 26th.

Encrypted project calendar(September 25, 2019)

MIOTA/IOTA: IOTA (MIOTA) IOTA will host a community event on September 25th at the University of Southern California in Los Angeles on the theme of “Building Your Own IoT.” Quant (QNT): The Quant project will participate in a marketing conference in London from September 25th to 26th, which will focus on data technology.

Encrypted project calendar(September 26, 2019)

ADA/Cardano: The Cardano (ADA) Cardano community will host a party in Washington, DC on September 26.

Encrypted project calendar(September 27, 2019)

BTC/Bitcoin: Cripto Latin Fest will be held in Cordoba, Argentina from September 27th to 29th. Switcheo (SWTH): After a one-year token exchange process, the project team will officially end the SWH→SWTH token exchange process on September 27.

Encrypted project calendar(September 28, 2019)

ADA/Cardano: Cardano (ADA) Cardano (ADA) 2nd Anniversary, Cardinal Foundation, IOHK and EMURGO main members will participate in community celebrations in Plovdiv, Bulgaria on September 28. TOP Network (TOP): The TOP Network team will hold a hackathon in Prague, Czech Republic from September 28th to 29th. Horizen (ZEN): Horizen project BD Rep Vano Narimandize will discuss the current status and development of sidechain technology at the Industry 4.0 Blockchain Summit on September 28.

Encrypted project calendar(September 29, 2019)

GAME/GameCredits: GameCredits (GAME) is expected to perform hard forks on September 29th at block height 2519999

Encrypted project calendar(September 30, 2019)

INS/Insolar: Insolar (INS) will be on September 30th ERD/Elrond: Elrond (ERD) will conduct main network test on September 30th NULS/NULS: The NULS team will plan to beta the ChainBOX in the third quarter. CS/Credits: Credits (CS) will exchange tokens and bug rewards in the third quarter QTUM/Qtum: Quantum Chain (QTUM) is expected to complete lightning network beta in the third quarter XEM/NEM: New World Bank (XEM) will release mobile wallet and computer wallet in the third quarter HC/HyperCash: hypercash (HC) will complete community management agreement in the third quarter

Encrypted project calendar(October 01, 2019)

HT/Huobi Token: The financial base public link jointly created by Firecoin and Nervos is expected to be open source in October. RVN/Ravencoin: Ravencoin (RVN) Ravencoin will perform a hard fork on October 1. ADA/Cardano: Cardano (ADA) plans to hold technical consensus meeting in Amsterdam on October 1st XRC/Bitcoin Rhodium: Bitcoin Rhodium (XRC) will record account balance awards on October 1st PPC/Peercoin: Peercoin (PPC) will perform Peercoin v0.8 (code 螳螂) hard fork on October 1st

Encrypted project calendar(October 02, 2019)

BNB/Binance Coin: The 2019 DELTA Summit will be held in Malta from October 2nd to 4th. The DELTA Summit is Malta’s official blockchain and digital innovation campaign. CAPP/Cappasity: The Cappasity (CAPP) London Science and Technology Festival will be held from October 2nd to 3rd, when the Cappasity project will be attended by the Science and Technology Festival.

Encrypted project calendar(October 03, 2019)

ETC/Ethereum Classic: The 2019 Ether Classic (ETC) Summit will be held in Vancouver on October 3–4
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The BTC shock retreated yesterday to date and is currently hovering around $10,200. In the past 24 hours, the net outflow of BTC funds exceeded $150 million. Compared with last week, the outflow level of market funds increased again. In recent days, BTC has continued to oscillate downward, but the overall fluctuation range is not large. The medium-term trend is still unclear. Before that, there was little space above BTC, and it is expected that in the short term, the adjustment will still be dominated by shocks. Investors can consider investing part of their funds in other mainstream currencies or even in the Shanzhai currency market. If there is a large scale of callback in the follow-up, it may bring a good opportunity to build warehouses. The upper resistance level pays attention to $10,800, while the lower support level continues to pay attention to the $10,000 level. Operational aspects, the spot continues to hold, low replenishment strategy unchanged, under $10,000 can be considered gradually deployed futures leverage.
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Daily analysis of cryptocurrencies 20190923(Market index 41 — Fear state)

Daily analysis of cryptocurrencies 20190923(Market index 41 — Fear state)


Crypto Exchange Giant Binance To Launch US Trading On Sept 24 Binance.US, the American arm of cryptocurrency exchange giant Binance, has announced it will start trading fiat-crypto and crypto-crypto trading pairs on Sept 24.The trading platform will list seven cryptocurrencies immediately upon the launch, including Bitcoin, Binance Coin (BNB), Ethereum, XRP, Bitcoin Cash, Litecoin and Tether’s USDT.Binance.US also revealed it will soon open deposits for another five assets: Cardano (ADA), Basic Attention Token (BAT), Ethereum Classic (ETC), Stellar’s XLM and 0x.
UBS, Credit Suisse Interest On Crypto Industry ‘Clearly Picked Up’ Peter Wuffli, the former CEO of major Swiss multinational investment bank UBS, says the advent of new, regulated actors in crypto is drawing the attention of big-name banks. When it comes to the traditional financial sector’s response to the emergent crypto asset space and industry developments, he said of large banks such as UBS and Credit Suisse: “From what we hear, interest has clearly picked up since the licenses were granted. Bank executives are asking their middle management to figure out whether this is just another fintech fad that comes and goes, or whether it is really transformational.” He added: “They are wondering strategically whether they need to commit to this, and what it would mean in terms of changes to systems but also mindset.”
Int’l Accounting Standards Body Defines Bitcoin As ‘Intangible Asset’ The International Financial Reporting Interpretations Committee (IFRIC) has ruled that cryptocurrencies, including Bitcoin (BTC), are neither financial assets nor legal tender. The Korea Times reported the development on Sept 23, citing the Korea Accounting Institute’s briefing in regard to an IFRIC meeting held in London this June.
Bitmain Will Release New Generation Of Antminer On October 9 Bitmain will release a new generation of Antminer at World Digital Mining Summit in Frankfurt, Germany on October 9. Officials revealed that the new batch of the Antminer accepted on-site orders.

Encrypted project calendar(September 23, 2019)

BTC/Bitcoin: Bakkt, the digital asset platform led by ICE, the parent company of the New York Stock Exchange and the world’s second largest trading group, will launch a bitcoin physical delivery futures contract on September 23. EOS/EOS: EOS main network is expected to upgrade version 1.8 on September 23 DCDecred: Project leader Jake Yocom-Piatt of Decred (DCR) Decrex will attend the Encryption Community Party in San Francisco on September 23 and will deliver a speech.

Encrypted project calendar(September 24, 2019)

ENG/Enigma: Enigma (ENG) ENG main network token snapshot will end on September 24, the original start time is August 26. LINA (LINA): Lina Review will host the Lina network launch event in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam on September 24th and release a 10-year operational strategy. Cappasity (CAPP): Cappasity will showcase its digital signage solutions in luxury stores at the Paris Retail Week from September 24th to 26th.

Encrypted project calendar(September 25, 2019)

MIOTA/IOTA: IOTA (MIOTA) IOTA will host a community event on September 25th at the University of Southern California in Los Angeles on the theme of “Building Your Own IoT.” Quant (QNT): The Quant project will participate in a marketing conference in London from September 25th to 26th, which will focus on data technology.

Encrypted project calendar(September 26, 2019)

ADA/Cardano: The Cardano (ADA) Cardano community will host a party in Washington, DC on September 26.

Encrypted project calendar(September 27, 2019)

BTC/Bitcoin: Cripto Latin Fest will be held in Cordoba, Argentina from September 27th to 29th. Switcheo (SWTH): After a one-year token exchange process, the project team will officially end the SWH→SWTH token exchange process on September 27.

Encrypted project calendar(September 28, 2019)

ADA/Cardano: Cardano (ADA) Cardano (ADA) 2nd Anniversary, Cardinal Foundation, IOHK and EMURGO main members will participate in community celebrations in Plovdiv, Bulgaria on September 28. TOP Network (TOP): The TOP Network team will hold a hackathon in Prague, Czech Republic from September 28th to 29th. Horizen (ZEN): Horizen project BD Rep Vano Narimandize will discuss the current status and development of sidechain technology at the Industry 4.0 Blockchain Summit on September 28.

Encrypted project calendar(September 29, 2019)

GAME/GameCredits: GameCredits (GAME) is expected to perform hard forks on September 29th at block height 2519999

Encrypted project calendar(September 30, 2019)

INS/Insolar: Insolar (INS) will be on September 30th ERD/Elrond: Elrond (ERD) will conduct main network test on September 30th NULS/NULS: The NULS team will plan to beta the ChainBOX in the third quarter. CS/Credits: Credits (CS) will exchange tokens and bug rewards in the third quarter QTUM/Qtum: Quantum Chain (QTUM) is expected to complete lightning network beta in the third quarter XEM/NEM: New World Bank (XEM) will release mobile wallet and computer wallet in the third quarter HC/HyperCash: hypercash (HC) will complete community management agreement in the third quarter

Encrypted project calendar(October 01, 2019)

HT/Huobi Token: The financial base public link jointly created by Firecoin and Nervos is expected to be open source in October. RVN/Ravencoin: Ravencoin (RVN) Ravencoin will perform a hard fork on October 1. ADA/Cardano: Cardano (ADA) plans to hold technical consensus meeting in Amsterdam on October 1st XRC/Bitcoin Rhodium: Bitcoin Rhodium (XRC) will record account balance awards on October 1st PPC/Peercoin: Peercoin (PPC) will perform Peercoin v0.8 (code tang lang) hard fork on October 1st

Encrypted project calendar(October 02, 2019)

BNB/Binance Coin: The 2019 DELTA Summit will be held in Malta from October 2nd to 4th. The DELTA Summit is Malta’s official blockchain and digital innovation campaign. CAPP/Cappasity: The Cappasity (CAPP) London Science and Technology Festival will be held from October 2nd to 3rd, when the Cappasity project will be attended by the Science and Technology Festival.

Encrypted project calendar(October 03, 2019)

ETC/Ethereum Classic: The 2019 Ether Classic (ETC) Summit will be held in Vancouver on October 3–4

Encrypted project calendar(October 05, 2019)

Ontology (ONT): Ony Ji will attend the blockchain event in Japan on October 5th and explain the practical application based on the ontology network.

Encrypted project calendar(October 06, 2019)

SPND/ Spendcoin: Spendcoin (SPND) will be online on October 6th

Encrypted project calendar(October 07, 2019)

GNO/Gnosis: Gnosis (GNO) will discuss the topic “Decentralized Trading Agreement Based on Ethereum” will be held in Osaka, Japan on October 7th. Kyber and Uniswap, Gnosis and Loopring will attend and give speeches.

Encrypted project calendar(October 08, 2019)

BTC/Bitcoin: The 2nd Global Digital Mining Summit will be held in Frankfurt, Germany from October 8th to 10th.

Yesterday to this day, the BTC has been shaking slightly and is still hovering around $10,000. In the past 24 hours, the net inflows of BTC funds approached 30 million US dollars. Compared with the previous cycle, the market inflows increased rapidly. Yesterday, BTC failed to break the $10,000 threshold, but the daily average turned downward. In the short term, the market is still short-term dominant. In the medium-term trend, we still tend to be bullish, but before BTC is completely out of the triangle, we should be alert to the risk of repeated dishwashing by the main force. The upper resistance is $10,400, while the lower support is around $9,600. Operational aspects, continue to attract funds on the low side, fall below the $9400 recommended stop loss exit.
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Daily analysis of cryptocurrencies 20190916(Market index 38 — Fear state)

Daily analysis of cryptocurrencies 20190916(Market index 38 — Fear state)

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Vitalik Buterin: Phase Zero Of Ethereum 2.0 Was Generally Finalized Ethereum co-founder Vitalik Buterin discussed developments across the wider Ethereum ecosystem in a Q&A at the Ethereal conference. Talking with Ejaaz Ahamadeen, lead token architect at Digital Assets, a part of the Brooklyn incubator ConsenSys, Buterin discussed the big gains made by privacy tools in recent weeks, the potential of decentralized finance (DeFi) and the roadmap of Ethereum 2.0. Focusing on phase zero, Ethereum 2.0’s first stage of development, he said everything was “finalized except for things that come up during the security audits. The clients are now talking to each other. The next step is to make sure they can maintain a public network at scale.” The process he was referring to, dubbed Eth2Beaucoup, involves seven Ethereum 2.0 clients (versions of the upcoming blockchain platform upgrade) linking up and running in sync with each other. It’s regarded as a significant milestone in this phase of Ethereum’s development.
Bitcoin ban may lead to massive brain drain in India The Indian government is considering criminalizing domestic cryptocurrency investments, and India is seeing signs of brain drain. The extreme stances reflected in Indian regulatory documents, whether or not they become national laws, have prompted local encryption companies to take preemptive measures to protect themselves. Many cryptocurrency companies have moved their companies out of India and chose to operate in a more open country. It is reported that Sidharth Sogani, CEO of blockchain research firm Crebaco Global Inc., predicts that if India finally bans the use of cryptocurrencies, India will lose about $12.9 billion.
Switzerland To Start Operating Next Month Two Licensed Banks For Cryptocurrency The Swiss Financial Market Supervisory Authority (FINMA) gave Seba and Sygnum the first licenses in provisional banking and securities licenses to officially let them offer regulated services like deposits, investing, lending and withdrawal using cryptocurrency to serve asset managers, regular banks, startups, and other financial institutions. Click ‘Read More’ for details.

Encrypted project calendar(September 16, 2019)

LINK/ChainLink: Chainlink (LINK) Oracle will host the Oracle Code One conference from September 16th to September 19th, at which it will announce the launch of 50 startups with Chainlink. MANA/Decentraland: The Decentraland (MANA) community will host the SDK hackathon on September 16. WABI/Tael: Tael (WABI) “Tael Insider” campaign will be held on the new project website on September 16.

Encrypted project calendar(September 17, 2019)

ZEN/Horizen: The official team of Horizen (ZEN) will hold a community gathering in Strasbourg, France on September 17th.

Encrypted project calendar(September 18, 2019)

OKB/OKB: OKB (OKB) On September 18th, OKEx will hold an institutional meeting in London to share the regulatory environment issues facing encryption organizations.

Encrypted project calendar(September 19, 2019)

NRG/Energi: Energi (NRG) Energi will launch a trading competition on the KuCoin platform on September 9th. By September 19th, 800 NRG will be presented to the top 470 participants. ADA/Cardano: The Cardano (ADA) project official will host the Wyoming hackathon from September 19th to 22nd. KIN/Kin: The Kin (KIN) project team will host a community gathering in Toronto on September 19. BTC/Bitcoin: The 2019 Open Core Summit will be held in San Francisco from September 19th to 20th. BSV/Bitcoin SV: The Bitcoin SV (BSV) BSV Eco Conference will be held in Hangzhou, China on September 19th. OKEX will jointly host the event as a strategic partner of BSV.

Encrypted project calendar(September 20, 2019)

NULS / NULS: The NULS 2.0 Beta hackathon will be held from September 20th to September 21st, 2019. AE/Aeternity: Aeternity (AE) will hold “Cosmos One” conference in Prague, Czech Republic on September 20th

Encrypted project calendar(September 21, 2019)

BTC/Bitcoin: The 6th FINWISE Global Summit Macau will be held from September 21st to 22nd. Distributed Financial Technology (DeFi) is the main topic of this conference. OKB/OKB: OKB (OKB) OKEx The Africa Cryptour series of talks in Kenya will take place on September 21 in Nairobi.

Encrypted project calendar(September 23, 2019)

BTC/Bitcoin: Bakkt, the digital asset platform led by ICE, the parent company of the New York Stock Exchange and the world’s second largest trading group, will launch a bitcoin physical delivery futures contract on September 23. EOS/EOS: EOS main network is expected to upgrade version 1.8 on September 23

Encrypted project calendar(September 24, 2019)

ENG/Enigma: Enigma (ENG) ENG main network token snapshot will end on September 24, the original start time is August 26.

Encrypted project calendar(September 26, 2019)

ADA/Cardano: The Cardano (ADA) Cardano community will host a party in Washington, DC on September 26.

Encrypted project calendar(September 27, 2019)

BTC/Bitcoin: Cripto Latin Fest will be held in Cordoba, Argentina from September 27th to 29th.

Encrypted project calendar(September 28, 2019)

ADA/Cardano: Cardano (ADA) Cardano (ADA) 2nd Anniversary, Cardinal Foundation, IOHK and EMURGO main members will participate in community celebrations in Plovdiv, Bulgaria on September 28.

Encrypted project calendar(September 29, 2019)

GAME/GameCredits: GameCredits (GAME) is expected to perform hard forks on September 29th at block height 2519999

Encrypted project calendar(September 30, 2019)

INS/Insolar: Insolar (INS) will be on September 30th ERD/Elrond: Elrond (ERD) will conduct main network test on September 30th NULS/NULS: The NULS team will plan to beta the ChainBOX in the third quarter.

Encrypted project calendar(October 01, 2019)

HT/Huobi Token: The financial base public link jointly created by Firecoin and Nervos is expected to be open source in October. RVN/Ravencoin: Ravencoin (RVN) Ravencoin will perform a hard fork on October 1. ADA/Cardano: Cardano (ADA) plans to hold technical consensus meeting in Amsterdam on October 1st XRC/Bitcoin Rhodium: Bitcoin Rhodium (XRC) will record account balance awards on October 1st PPC/Peercoin: Peercoin (PPC) will perform Peercoin v0.8 (code tang lang) hard fork on October 1st

Recently, bitcoin struggled to gain momentum above the $10,400 resistance area against the US Dollar. The last swing high was formed near $10,437 before the price started a downside correction. On the other hand, there was a solid upward move in Ethereum above the $185 and $186 resistance levels. At the outset, BTC price is trading well below the $10,400 resistance level.
The last swing low was near $10,270 and recently the price corrected higher. It broke the $10,320 and $10,350 levels, plus remained well above the 100 hourly simple moving average. Moreover, there was a break above the 50% Fib retracement level of the recent decline from the $10,437 high to $10,270 low. However, the upward move was capped by the $10,375 level.
It seems like the 61.8% Fib retracement level of the recent decline from the $10,437 high to $10,270 low is acting as a hurdles. More importantly, there is a breakout pattern forming with resistance near $10,400 on the hourly chart of the BTC/USD pair. If bitcoin breaks the trend line support near $10,300 and the 100 hourly SMA, there could be a downside extension. An immediate support is near the $10,250 level, below which the price could head towards $10,000.
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Bitcoin, dogecoin. How I tried to make my fortune in 2014 with the sweat of my computer.

Bitcoin, dogecoin. How I tried to make my fortune in 2014 with the sweat of my computer.

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Make money just by working on your computer: the rise of electronic currencies, in the wake of bitcoin, can be a little dream, especially in times of crisis. We tried the experiment. Wealth at your fingertips? Not for everybody.
Reading time: 6 min.
We have known at least since March 2013, with the soaring Bitcoin (BTC) price during the closing of Cypriot banks: electronic currencies, it has not much virtual. Since the creation of the enigmatic Satoshi Nakamoto serves as a safe haven, a playground for speculators, interests the States and even makes it possible to pay for his trip to the space where his beer, bigger world would dare to pretend that it only serves to buy prohibited substances on SilkRoad - if it ever was.
At the end of November, James Howells was mocked a lot, this Brit, caught in a household frenzy, inadvertently threw a hard disk containing 7,500 bitcoins, the equivalent of 4.8 million euros. A small fortune now lost in the depths of the Docksway dump near Newport. Nevertheless, before causing the consternation of the global Internet, Jamie still had the nose to undermine the BTC at a time when the experience mobilized a handful of hardcore geeks.
Since the rise (sawtooth) bitcoin, each unit currently weighs more than 800 dollars, nearly thirty cryptocurrencies have emerged. Is it possible, this year again, to let this promising, volatile and risky train pass, or to fall into
  1. Choose your electronic motto.
  2. All are based on the same principle: to summarize (very) big features [1], the issuance of money is governed by an algorithm, and the new corners put in circulation reward the resolution, by participants in a network of peer and mathematical problems, including the validation and archiving of transactions, which are public [2]. Mining a cryptocurrency is like putting the computing power of your computer in the service of the network.
  3. Since the program is decreasing [3], the mining becomes more and more difficult with time (and with the increase of the number of participants): to hope to make his pelote via the only computational activity, one must either have to at its disposal a large fleet of machines, to be a miner from the first hour. Exit the bitcoin, long since out of the reach of a personal computer.
  4. I similarly gave up the litecoin and peercoin, already well launched (they date respectively 2011 and 2012), to set my heart on one of the most recent currencies - and certainly the hippest of the moment: the dogecoin.
  5. As its name suggests, the cryptocurrency favorite Shiba Inus from around the world is a tribute to the Doge, one of the most famous memes of 2013, with its captions in Comic Sans, the font most sorry for the web. A geek joke, therefore, except that - the unfathomable mysteries of the Internet - its value jumped 900% in the third week of December, and she suffered a Christmas robbery online.
  6. Admittedly, at the time when these lines are written, the dogecoin caps at 0.00023 dollars [4] - its quite ridiculous (and quite depressing), but even if you bet on the future, so much to go frankly.
  7. 2. The hands in the engine the billboard.
  8. From there, things get tough (a little). Installing an electronic purse on ones computer is not very complicated (the software is available for Windows, MacOS, Android or, for the more adventurous, on a repository to compile under Linux). It is also possible to use an online wallet, but it is more risky (except, perhaps, when one is called James Howells). When opened for the first time, the purse automatically synchronizes with the Dogecoin network (be careful, it can be long), which gives you a payment address (we can generate more later).
  9. The two most common ways to undermine electronic money are to use the computing power of the computers microprocessor (CPU) or, more efficiently, that of the graphics card processor (GPU). In the first case, the program is simple to install; in the second, it is necessary to choose the most adapted to its material [5]. There are, thankfully, a lot of online tutorials. Still, to operate the corner board requires in all cases to trade the comfort of the GUI for aridity, so confusing to the layman, command lines - we have nothing for nothing.
  10. Finally, at work alone, we prefer collaboration. Mining is best done in groups, or rather in pool: it distributes the gains, of course, but also the difficulty. For the dogecoin as for all the crypto-currencies, the pools are numerous. A quick tour of a dedicated section of the Reddit community site can help you make your choice.
  11. 3. Extension of the field of struggle.
  12. And after? After, we can rest, since it is the machine that works. But the truth of a cryptocurrency - even at the exceptionally high LOL and LOL rates of the Shiba Inu - is cruel and brutal: not all computers are equal. Or rather, some are more equal than others. For while you heat your CPU or your graphics card to grapple some unfortunate corners, others will sweep the game thanks to specialized integrated circuits, computing capabilities much higher.
  13. If the game of buying and reselling corners is basically just another stock exchange mechanism, less the intervention of the central banks - what is at stake, and the big political question they ask: are we certain to prefer speculation pure and perfect to monetary policies, however questionable they may be? -, production, it is the law of the strongest (in calculation). There are even lethal weapons at $ 10,000 each, with which your processors are like mosquitoes in front of an A bomb.
  14. And if you think it does not matter because after all, it does not cost you anything, think again: the components, like humans, wear out faster when they work at full speed, and the bill of electricity can quickly grow. The profitability of the case is anything but certain, as evidenced by the results of online calculators. (Needless to say, our laughing dogecoin does not stand up to this kind of simulation.)
  15. Much more boring, from a collective point of view: the carbon footprint, current and above all expected, of electronic currencies worries more and more. Last spring, Bloomberg estimated that the energy consumption of the Bitcoin network was equivalent to that of 31,000 US households. Not sure, according to the site, that their emission is less damaging to the environment than have been some physical currencies.
  16. For exciting to analyze that is the emergence of cryptocurrencies, it is better to ask now about their cost, economic and ecological. To see it as a potential source of income, except for being a very early adopter with a hollow nose, an individual with a lot of computational capital or a clever trader, you have to make a point.
  17. If the recurrent comparison with the famous Ponzi pyramid [6] is discussed (after all, the decentralized currencies do not make promises), remains that, as long as the value does not collapse, the system benefits mainly to the first entrants - except James Howells.
  18. As the Bitcoin.fr site aptly states: all this is just an experiment, invest only the time and money you can afford to lose. LOLs love was not a worse reason than another to experiment, so I finally submitted my laptop to four days and three nights of intense activity, which makes me happy. owner of a good half a thousand dogecoins. Either the equivalent of 0.115 dollar, or 0.08 euro. It is obviously not worth the electricity consumed to generate them, it increases my carbon footprint, but it amuses my entourage. But laughter is, as everyone knows, a safe bet in times of crisis, less volatile than a real bitcoin.
  19. And then, after all, you never know.
  20. Amaelle Guiton.
  21. 1. For explanations more provided (the case is quite complex), refer, for example, to the series of very detailed notes devoted to blogger Turblog.
  22. 2. And as such, searchable by everyone. It is the identity of the users that is not known, unless they reveal it, hence the reputation of anonymity (relative, therefore) cryptocurrencies.
  23. 3. In the case of bitcoin, the maximum of 21 million units should be reached around 2140.
  24. 4. For a day-to-day follow-up, see the CoinMarketCap site which lists the exchange rates of crypto-currencies, based on the dollar value of bitcoin.
  25. 5. We discover then, unfortunately, that some graphics cards do not allow the mining. This is the case for the author of these lines, reduced to working in conditions of extreme computer deprivation.
  26. 6. Comparison which is at the heart of a hilarious note on the ponzicoin, signed by the economic journalist Matthew OBrien, on The Atlantic (to read if you intend seriously to invest in the dogecoin).
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Daily analysis of cryptocurrencies 20190917(Market index 41 — Fear state)

Daily analysis of cryptocurrencies 20190917(Market index 41 — Fear state)

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Germany’s Legislative Coalition Has A Standing Agreement To Prevent Market-Relevant Private Stablecoins Thomas Heilmann of the center-right Christian Democratic Union (CDU) says Germany’s legislative coalition already has a standing agreement to prevent the operation of any “market-relevant private stablecoin.” As earlier reported by CoinNess, Germany’s federal cabinet will approve its blockchain strategy announced back in June 2019. While the move signals the country’s intent to be a part of the emerging global economy, the government-run ‘Bundes-chain’ might sound the latest death knell for Libra in Europe.
Libra Representatives Will Meet Officials From 26 Central Banks Facebook will be quizzed by global regulators on its planned Libra coin project amid concerns from EU governments over the threat the digital currency poses to financial stability. Representatives of Libra will meet officials from 26 central banks, including the Federal Reserve and the Bank of England, in Basel on Monday (Sept 16) in the first major encounter between Libra’s founders and policymakers since Facebook unveiled its plans to upend global payments, officials told the FT.
Uruguay Approves Crowdfunding Law That Could Be Applied To ICOs On Sept. 12, Cointelegraph en Español reported that the government of Uruguay approved a bill to promote entrepreneurship, which will regulate collective financing or crowdfunding platforms, and that could be applied to some ICOs. Lawyer Paula Rodríguez Medalla added: “Without a doubt, this rule supposes a new legal framework for some ICOs dedicated to collective financing, so it will be essential to be attentive to the regulation that the Central Bank of Uruguay issues on the subject.”
Iran will issue documents to legalize encrypted mining The Ministry of Industry, Mines and Trade of Iran is about to issue a document that will pave the way for the legalization of cryptocurrency mining for local and foreign citizens. The main points of the document involve: establishing an encryption mining business license system; the commercial institution license can last for 12 months and can be renewed; the encrypted mining power consumption limit is specified (no more than 30 kilowatts, but the power consumption is too low) Issue a license) and so on.

Encrypted project calendar(September 17, 2019)

ZEN/Horizen: The official team of Horizen (ZEN) will hold a community gathering in Strasbourg, France on September 17th.

Encrypted project calendar(September 18, 2019)

OKB/OKB: OKB (OKB) On September 18th, OKEx will hold an institutional meeting in London to share the regulatory environment issues facing encryption organizations.

Encrypted project calendar(September 19, 2019)

NRG/Energi: Energi (NRG) Energi will launch a trading competition on the KuCoin platform on September 9th. By September 19th, 800 NRG will be presented to the top 470 participants. ADA/Cardano: The Cardano (ADA) project official will host the Wyoming hackathon from September 19th to 22nd. KIN/Kin: The Kin (KIN) project team will host a community gathering in Toronto on September 19. BTC/Bitcoin: The 2019 Open Core Summit will be held in San Francisco from September 19th to 20th. BSV/Bitcoin SV: The Bitcoin SV (BSV) BSV Eco Conference will be held in Hangzhou, China on September 19th. OKEX will jointly host the event as a strategic partner of BSV.

Encrypted project calendar(September 20, 2019)

NULS / NULS: The NULS 2.0 Beta hackathon will be held from September 20th to September 21st, 2019. AE/Aeternity: Aeternity (AE) will hold “Cosmos One” conference in Prague, Czech Republic on September 20th COCOS/COCOS: The Cocos-BCX (COCOS) Oasis Arena hackathon will take place from September 20th to 22nd in Shanghai, China (“GO Shanghai”). RVN/Ravencoin: The Ravencoin (RVN) Ravencoin project team will host the “Ravencoin Asia 2019” party in Seoul, South Korea on September 20.

Encrypted project calendar(September 21, 2019)

BTC/Bitcoin: The 6th FINWISE Global Summit Macau will be held from September 21st to 22nd. Distributed Financial Technology (DeFi) is the main topic of this conference. OKB/OKB: OKB (OKB) OKEx The Africa Cryptour series of talks in Kenya will take place on September 21 in Nairobi.

Encrypted project calendar(September 23, 2019)

BTC/Bitcoin: Bakkt, the digital asset platform led by ICE, the parent company of the New York Stock Exchange and the world’s second largest trading group, will launch a bitcoin physical delivery futures contract on September 23. EOS/EOS: EOS main network is expected to upgrade version 1.8 on September 23

Encrypted project calendar(September 24, 2019)

ENG/Enigma: Enigma (ENG) ENG main network token snapshot will end on September 24, the original start time is August 26.

Encrypted project calendar(September 26, 2019)

ADA/Cardano: The Cardano (ADA) Cardano community will host a party in Washington, DC on September 26.

Encrypted project calendar(September 27, 2019)

BTC/Bitcoin: Cripto Latin Fest will be held in Cordoba, Argentina from September 27th to 29th.

Encrypted project calendar(September 28, 2019)

ADA/Cardano: Cardano (ADA) Cardano (ADA) 2nd Anniversary, Cardinal Foundation, IOHK and EMURGO main members will participate in community celebrations in Plovdiv, Bulgaria on September 28.

Encrypted project calendar(September 29, 2019)

GAME/GameCredits: GameCredits (GAME) is expected to perform hard forks on September 29th at block height 2519999

Encrypted project calendar(September 30, 2019)

INS/Insolar: Insolar (INS) will be on September 30th ERD/Elrond: Elrond (ERD) will conduct main network test on September 30th NULS/NULS: The NULS team will plan to beta the ChainBOX in the third quarter. CS/Credits: Credits (CS) will exchange tokens and bug rewards in the third quarter QTUM/Qtum: Quantum Chain (QTUM) is expected to complete lightning network beta in the third quarter XEM/NEM: New World Bank (XEM) will release mobile wallet and computer wallet in the third quarter HC/HyperCash: hypercash (HC) will complete community management agreement in the third quarter

Encrypted project calendar(October 01, 2019)

HT/Huobi Token: The financial base public link jointly created by Firecoin and Nervos is expected to be open source in October. RVN/Ravencoin: Ravencoin (RVN) Ravencoin will perform a hard fork on October 1. ADA/Cardano: Cardano (ADA) plans to hold technical consensus meeting in Amsterdam on October 1st XRC/Bitcoin Rhodium: Bitcoin Rhodium (XRC) will record account balance awards on October 1st PPC/Peercoin: Peercoin (PPC) will perform Peercoin v0.8 (code tang lang) hard fork on October 1st

Encrypted project calendar(October 02, 2019)

BNB/Binance Coin: The 2019 DELTA Summit will be held in Malta from October 2nd to 4th. The DELTA Summit is Malta’s official blockchain and digital innovation campaign. CAPP/Cappasity: The Cappasity (CAPP) London Science and Technology Festival will be held from October 2nd to 3rd, when the Cappasity project will be attended by the Science and Technology Festival.

Yesterday, we discussed the importance of the $10,250 support for bitcoin against the US Dollar. The pair remained in a negative zone below the $10,400 resistance level and the 100 hourly simple moving average. As a result, there was a bearish reaction below the key $10,300 and $10,250 support levels. During the decline, there was a break below yesterday’s highlighted breakout pattern with support near $10,320 on the hourly chart of BTC/USD.
The decline gained pace below the $10,200 level. Moreover, the price spiked below $10,150 and tested the $10,000 support level. Recently, it recovered and climbed back above $10,300. However, the upward move was capped by the $10,350 level and the 100 hourly simple moving average. More importantly, there is a key bearish trend line forming with resistance near $10,340 on the same chart.
The pair is currently declining and is trading below the 23.6% Fib retracement level of the recent recovery from the $10,000 swing low to $10,348 high. On the downside, an immediate support is near the $10,175 level. It represents the 50% Fib retracement level of the recent recovery from the $10,000 swing low to $10,348 high. The main supports on the downside are near the $10,000 and $9,900 levels.
On the upside, there are many resistances near the $10,300, $10,350 and $10,400 levels. The main resistance is still near the $10,500 level. A successful break above the $10,400 level and a follow through above $10,500 is needed for upside acceleration in the near term.
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Three Laws of BTC Bull and Bear Cycle and Its Applications — Freezing Point Forecast — One

Three Laws of BTC Bull and Bear Cycle and Its Applications — Freezing Point Forecast — One
📷
https://preview.redd.it/ithso6k9w7531.jpg?width=750&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=e87d53120d9cc645b080c070afc5f9b402d56bf3
TOKEN Roll x FENBUSHI DIGITAL
Analyst: Song Shuangjie
Special Adviser: Shen Bo Rin
Guide:
The fourth price-rising cycle of BTC might commence around May 2019. The mainstream institutions join the game and ETF might be the driving force of the fourth round of price cycle.
Summary:
BTC has undergone three rounds of price cycles. ‘It is different this time’ has always been a terrible lesson for investors. The tokens, typical represented by BTC, are special in nature to other financial products, which makes it easily get mistaken that BTC will go up straightly and never decline. When the cycle power works, the asset price, which was thought to create a different history, will collapse. There are 3 major rules of the BTC price cycle:
A. BTC price cycle is closely related to its halving cycle. A complete BTC price cycle lasts for about four years. The price-rising section will commence one year ahead of the time before the output is halved. The BTC output was halved for the first time at the end of November 2012, and before that the BTC price touched the bottom in November 2011. The BTC output was halved for the second time in July 2016, as the BTC price touched the bottom in August 2015. As you can see, each time BTC output halving, is the start of a price-rising cycle, and the price speeding up begins with it.
B. BTC price fluctuation range decreases as market value increasing. The BTC’s (in circulation) market value varies with its price fluctuations, which means BTC’s price rising makes its market value increases, and the price fluctuation range decreases. It is similar to the historical process of other asset classes. During the first price cycle, the price of BTC rose by 10636 times which was the biggest gain, and the maximum drawdown was declined by 93.76%. During the second price cycle, the price of BTC rose by 623 times, and declined by 83.93% maximum. During the third price cycle, BTC rose by 98.57 times at most, the maximum declining has not been confirmed yet.
C. The innovation led by BTC is constantly evolving and more and more approved by the mainstream. From BTC to Altcoin, from Altcoin to Crowdsale, there are iconic innovations and applications in every price cycle. In the first cycle, the birth and gradual application of BTC was a landmark event. In the second cycle, with the re-emergence of BTC in 2013, the tide of the Altcoins was rampant, and a large number of Altcoins appeared. In the third cycle, Crowdsale began to be popular around the world, and many websites started to provide Crowdsale's news and discussion forum. Since 2017, Crowdsale has dominated the blockchain investment, far exceeding VCs and corporate investment. With the development of blockchain technology, the evolution of digital certification, the improvement of practitioners' awareness, and the evolution of government regulation, the innovation led by BTC has evolved and is more approved by the mainstream.
The third round of the price cycle might come to an end around May 2019, and followed by the fourth round of price cycle. The maximum rise in the BTC's fourth price-rising cycle will be smaller than last three cycles. BTC's increasing market value demands more capital. Digital token shall embrace supervision to absorb more institutional funds. ETF will be a viable solution. In the future, it will shift from Crowdsale to ETF, and from deregulation to embracing supervision.
Risk Tips: ETFs have put capital amount into this market less than that we expected. Quantum computer technology is advancing by leaps and bounds
Content
1 The First Round of Price Cycle .
2 The Second Round of Price Cycle
3 The Third Round of Price Cycle
4 Three Major Rules of BTC Price Cycle
4.1 BTC price cycle is closely related to its halving cycle
4.2 BTC price cycle is closely related to its halving cycle
4.3 BTC-led innovatioized by the mainstream
5 The new journey of BTC will Start in May 2019
List of Graphs
Graph 1: BTC Price Trend in The First Price Cycle (in USD)
Graph 2: BTC price trend in the second round of price cycle (in USD)
Graph 3: The number of tokens in 2013 has increased significantly Graph 4: BTC price trend in the third round of price cycle (in USD)
Graph 5: VIX index and BTC price are negatively correlated
Graph 6: Crowdsale has dominated blockchain investment since 2017 (millions of US dollars)
Graph 7: A large number of Crypto Funds were established in recent years.
Graph 8: ETH price trend (in USD)
Graph 9: ETH price is positively related to the size of Crowdsale financing
Graph 10: Lightning network capacity continues to grow
Graph 11: The number of lightning network channels continues to grow
Graph 12: The global Crowdsale growth rate slows down in 2018 .
Graph 13: Crowdsale’s fundraising has started to decline since 2018 .
Graph 14: Significant growth in venture capital in the blockchain sector in 2018
Graph 15: BTC block reward trend reduction
Graph 16: BTC price cycle and halving mechanism (in USD)
Graph 17: BTC market value scale trend increase
Graph 18: BTC price fluctuations become smaller
Graph 19: Admission to mainstream institutions has continued since the end of 2018
Graph 20: The third round of the price cycle may be completed around May 2019
Graph 21: The current stage of the price cycle has been probable more than half, and the downside space is limited
History doesn't repeat itself, but it does rhyme. --Mark Twain
‘It is different this time’ has always been a terrible lesson for investors. The tokens, typical represented by BTC, are special in nature to other financial products, which results in producing an idea, in some investors’ mind, that the price of BTC will go up straightly and never decline. When the cycle power works, the asset price, which was thought to create a different history, will collapse. No matter it is the A-share market of 2007 or the one of 2015, or any ‘bubble time’ in human history, the cycle power played its role. As far as BTC is concerned, its price has also experienced three rounds of cycles.
In addition, when the asset price is in a dark period of continuous decline and weak rebound, the power of the cycle also works. As long as it is a valuable asset, its price will eventually bounce back from the bottom. Opportunities have always been there, if you have an asset with high potential in hand. In the dark moments before dawn, the more you are afraid, the more you will be confused. At this time, you have to believe in the value investing. ‘Be fearful when others are greedy and be greedy when others are fearful’, not the other way around. That means, we shall invest reversely, buying undervalued assets gradually in the bottom region of price decline cycle; selling overvalued assets gradually in the top region of price-rising cycle; and following the trend in other time region of the cycle.
1 The First Round of Price Cycle
The first round of BTC price cycle lasted for 610 days, from March 2010 to November 2011, and in this cycle, BTC price rise rate was the highest of BTCs three price cycles.
The price rise stage of the first round of price cycle, from March 2010 to June 2011, lasted for 447 days. The starting price was 0.003 USD/piece, and the highest price was 31.91 USD/piece, the rise rate reached 10,636 times. The price decline section of the first round of price cycle, from June 2011 to November 2011, lasted for 163 days. In this price decline section, the starting price of BTC was $31.91 per piece, and the lowest price was $1.99 per piece. The decline rate was 94%.
On May 22, 2010, the famous BTC Pizza dealt. Laszlo Hanyecz from Jacksonville, FL, bought two pizzas with 10,000 BTCs. Each price ofBTC is less than 0.01US dollars.
In the first round of the price cycle, there is no explicit positive or negative factors causing BTC's price huge fluctuation. Fluctuations are more like in a “natural” situation. Before the first BTC bubble bursted in November 2011, its price was in a trend of increasing. The reason of rise was that the price base of BTC was very low. With the understanding of BTC gradually getting better, the demand increased, and then, the price rose. For example, June 2011, WikiLeaks and some organizations began accepting BTC donations.
https://preview.redd.it/ol9mlz0kw7531.png?width=688&format=png&auto=webp&s=7f76ac24ef02d785f56c8a770be745cfeddbb1e7
2 The Second Round of Price Cycle
The second round of BTC price cycle lasted for 1377 days, from November 2011 to August 2015, and in this cycle, the price of BTC exceeded gold for the first time.
The price rise stage of the second round of price cycle, from November 2011 to November 2013, lasted for 743 days. The starting price was $1.99 USD/piece, and the highest price was 1,242 USD/piece, the rise rate reached 623 times. The price decline section of the second round of price cycle. From November 2013 to August 2015, lasted for 634 days. In this price decline stage, the starting price of BTC was 1,242 USD per piece, and the lowest price was 199.57 USD per piece. The decline rate was 84%.
At the second price cycle, the range of application of BTC has been greatly expanded. In November 2012, WordPress began to accept BTC; and in October 2013, the world's first BTC ATM was deployed in a coffee shop in Vancouver where customers could buy and sell BTC. In November 2013, the University of Nicosia announced accepting BTC for tuition, the university's chief financial officer called it "gold of tomorrow"; In addition to some underground economy and gray economy began to accept BTC, BTC is also getting closer to daily life.
The success of BTC popularized altcoins. The first type of altcoin LTC (Litecoin) was created in October 2011, and it is the time when the BTC price came to the end of price decline. In 2011, Namecoin and SwiftCoin were born successively. In 2012, Bytecoin and Peercoin were issued, however, BTC was still in the stage of rising slowly from the bottom, and the market was not hot. Along with the re-emergence of BTC in 2013, the tide of the altcoins is rampant, and a large number of altcoins are issued. According to CoinMarketCap data, there were 66 kinds of altcoins at the end of 2013, while there were less than 10 at the beginning of the year.
The safe-haven properties of BTC are widely approved. BTC was a choice for people in many countries that are in crises. The residents flocked to BTC, hoping to maintain assets value through BTC. This phenomenon has occurred many times during the European debt crisis. For example, in early 2013, in order to get the bailout, the Cyprus government imposed taxes on deposits and imposed strict capital controls. In order to prevent property from shrinking, the Cypriot people rushed to bank runs and exchanged their currencies for BTC. The price of BTC quickly rose from 30 something to 265 US dollars.

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Due to the lack of supervision, BTC is often affected by negative events, which makes the market confidence in the danger of collapsing. In October 2013, the FBI seized approximately 26,000 BTCs from the Silk Road website, causing the BTC price to collapse to 110 US dollars. On December 5, 2013, the People's Bank of China banned the use of BTC by Chinese financial institutions, which made the price of BTC declined. In February 2014, Mt. Gox, the largest BTC exchange at the time, said that 850,000 BTCs of its customers were stolen, worth nearly 500 million US dollars, and BTC prices fell nearly half, from 867 to 439 US dollars.
The emergence of a large number of altcoins caused market bleeding. Since 2014, the number of altcoins has exploded. By August 2015, the number has reached 556, resulting in diversion of funds and market expansion. On May 1, 2013, BTC accounted for 94.29% of the market value of all tokens, and the market value of other tokens except the top 10 tokens was about 1%. By August 25, 2015, the proportion of BTC is about 83%, and the other tokens account for 4%, which is obvious.
No matter how magical token is, it is still a kind of asset. The mean return of value is a basic common sense of investment. The value will pull the price back to it, just like the gravity. The risk increases with the price rises, and the value appears when the price declines. In the rising section of this cycle, the price of BTC rose by 623 times, which is a great rise rate. When the price is too high, and the potential return in the future is insufficient, the attractiveness to new investors will fall, and the old investors will leave and look for more lucrative assets. Once the power of trend investors exhausted, the trend will reverse.
3 The Third Round of Price Cycle
The third round of price cycle of BTC is not over and is currently in the downward phase of the cycle. The price increased from August 2015 and lasted for 845 days till December 2017. The starting price of the price-rising cycle BTC was 199.57 USD/piece, and the highest price was close to 20,000 USD/piece. The rise rate is up to 99 times. Since December 2017, the price started to decline. The price has fallen to the lowest 3,191.30 US dollars up to now, a drop of 84%.
BTC networks expanded rapidly, and BTC has gained increasing recognition among legislators and traditional financial companies. Studies have shown that by November 2013, the commercialization of BTC is no longer driven by the underground economy, but by legitimate businesses. During this price cycle, people from more countries can get in touch with, select, trade and use BTC on a daily basis. In January 2016, Bitcoin computing capacity reached 1 exahash/S for the first time; In March 2016, the Japanese cabinet acknowledged that BTC has a function similar to real money. In 2017, Norway's largest online bank Skandiabanken integrated BTC accounts. In December 2017, Chicago Mercantile Exchange (CME) officially launched BTC futures, which is an important step for BTC to take toward mainstream investment. In October 2018, Fidelity launched its independent subsidiary Fidelity Digital Asset Services to provide digital asset services to institutional customers. In December 2018, the first round of financing was completed by the token exchange Bakkt launched by the Intercontinental Exchange. In February 2019, Nasdaq officially launched - Bitcoin Liquid Index (BLX) and Ethereum Liquid Index (ELX)- two indexes. The pension fund of US invests in the encryption fund, the mainstream organization is accelerating, and the relevant infrastructure is gradually improved.
BTC has become a risky asset. Under the current “three lows” environment - low interest rates, low spreads and low volatility, investors are seeking high returns, which leads to excessive financial risk behaviors and complacency, investors' risk appetite, and high leverage tools and the acceptance of high-risk products has increased, arbitrage transactions have prevailed, liquidity mismatches have been severe, and the overall market is fragile. As the results we can see that, the price of BTC is increasingly correlated with the VIX index (Chicago Options Exchange Volatility Index). A lower VIX index indicates that investors expect less volatility, while a higher VIX indicates higher expected volatility. The lower VIX index indicates that investors are optimistic about S&P 500, while the higher VIX means that investors are uncertain about the market outlook. When market volatility declines, investors buy stocks and other types of risk assets, when the market volatility rises, investors sell risky assets.
Risk assets will be dumped when risk appetite reduces panic market. BTC bid farewell to the nature of safe-haven assets and become a risky asset. Since December 2017, with the decline of the VIX index, the price of BTC rises, and the price of BTC is negatively correlated with the VIX index. At the beginning of 2018, the VIX index skyrocketed and BTC fell rapidly. In October 2018, the global market risk aversion trend increased, the VIX index went up, and the BTC price also fell sharply.

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Crowdsale has become the main financing method in the blockchain field. Crowdsale was born in the second round of the price cycle, Mastercoin did the world's first Crowdsale in July 2013. In 2014, Ethereum also raised funds through Crowdsale, when the price of ETH was less than 0.22 USD per piece. After 2016, when it is in the third price cycle, Crowdsale is popular around the world, and many websites began to provide information and discussion communities for Crowdsale. From a global perspective, Crowdsale has dominated the blockchain investment since 2017, far exceeding VCs and corporate investment. In 2017, Crowdsale raised 7.4 billion US dollars, and in the first half of 2018, Crowdsale Raised 12 billion US dollars.
The Crypto Fund emerged. Along with the Crowdsale boom, a large number of Crypto Funds were created. The number of Crypto Funds newly established in 2017 was nearly 200, far exceeding the total amount of the Crypto funds created in previous years, which fully demonstrated that, with the rise in the price of the token, the enthusiasm of funds to blockchain field is high.

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The rise of blockchain 2.0, the Crowdsale tide pushed ETH up nearly 10,000 times. In the third round of the BTC (Token) price cycle, the biggest star is not BTC, but ETH. Crowdsale after 2016, issued tokens mainly through Ethereum, which represented the rise of ETH in the blockchain 2.0 era. Crowdsale prosperity boosted the rise of ETH. On January 13, 2018, the price of ETH rose to a peak of 1,432.88 US dollars per piece, which is 6512 times rise rate comparing to its initial price.
The ETH price has a significant positive correlation with the growth rate of Crowdsale financing. The growth rate of Crowdsale financing decreased by 69.23% in 2015, the price of ETH decreased by 66.30% in the same year. In 2016, the growth rate of Crowdsale financing increased by 2737.5%, and ETH increased by 753.74%. In 2017, the growth rate of Crowdsale financing increased by 3,159.91%, and ETH rose by 8809.91%.

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Plan for public blockchain performance improvement emerged, and significant progress were made in lightning network. With the popularization of blockchains, the congestion of BTC and other public chains has gradually emerged, and performance has become one of the bottlenecks in the blockchain industry. In 2018, the performance-improvement plan of the public blockchain emerged. Improvements were made to the difference in blockchain logical architecture, including on-chain capacity expansion schemes by improving consensus mechanism and sharing, and off-chain capacity expansion schemes by status channel, sidechain, off-chain computing, and Layer 0 expansion scheme that enhance the scalability of the blockchain by optimizing the underlying data transmission protocol of the blockchain. Since the main net of BTC lightning network goes live, the number and capacity of channels have been increasing. As of March 10, 2019, the capacity has reached 790 BTC, and the number of channels has reached 35,464.

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Note: The Unique channel refers to the channel that is directly connected to the node for the first time, and the Duplicate channel refers to the channel between the nodes that have been connected.
The standardization of the token is promoted. On January 22, 2018, South Korea required all BTC dealers to disclose their identity, thereby prohibiting anonymous trading of BTC. During the first quarter of 2018, Facebook, Google and Twitter prohibited the promotion of Crowdsale, while the US Securities and Exchange Commission investigated a large number of Crowdsale projects, and issued bans to some Crowdsale projects. Regardless of the government's attitude towards the token, it is committed to incorporating the token into the regulatory framework for legal compliance.
The Crowdsale bubble bursted and the magical story is no longer magical. According to incomplete statistics, in 2017, 871 Crowdsale were completed in the world. These projects involved directions as distributed analogous Facebook, twitter, amazon, and next-generation public chain (blockchain 3.0), etc. These projects have raised a large amount of funds, but the actual operating is worrying. The promotion of the project dissipated a large amount of funds, but the actual development progress was far less than expected, resulting in the market's expectation failure and the diversion of funds from the mainstream token. Superimposed the impact of more and more negative news, technical adjustment requirements and market sentiment fluctuation. The market enters a negative cycle, as the decline begins.

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In 2018, there has been rapid growth in venture capital in the blockchain sector, indicating that venture capital still have good expectations about the application and future prospects of the blockchain. According to Coindesk data, the risk investment in the blockchain sector in 2018 reverse the decline of 2017, year-on-year increase of 257%, and the total amount for the year 2018 reached 3.1 billion US dollars.

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BTC peaked first. In terms of time, in the third round of the price cycle, the first to peak is BTC, which reached 19,870.62 USD per piece in December 2017. The peak of ETH happened later than BTC, in January 2018. EOS did not peak until April. The important reason for BTC to peak first is that the amount of funds needed to support the BTC market value scale is the largest. When the market’s ability to carry on is not enough, it is inevitable for the price of BTC to react first.
4 Three Major Rules of BTC Price Cycle
The price cycle of BTC has obvious regularity, and some unchanging factors determine the price fluctuation of BTC.
4.1 BTC price cycle is closely related to its halving cycle
One full BTC price cycle lasts approximately four years. In the first round of price cycles, the measure of time span is not reliable because of the availability of BTC trading prices. The second round of the price cycle lasted for 1,377 days, from November 2011 to August 2015, about four years.
The price-rising cycle of BTC is closely related to its halving period, and the price-rising cycle starts one year before each halving. At the end of November 2012, the first production of BTC was halved, that is, the number of BTC generated by each block was 25, and in November 2011, the price of BTC has bottomed out, and the halving of BTC is one year after the second price-rising cycle. In July 2016, production of BTC was halved the second time, that is, the number of BTC generated by each block was 12.5. In August 2015, BTC had already bottomed out, and BTC's production was reduced again one year after the third price-rising cycle started.

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BTC output halving blows the horn of each price-rising cycle, and the price speeding up begin. Although it is not BTC output halving that brings the price-rising cycle, but the halving of BTC output significantly reduced the growth rate of BTC supply, speeding up the rise of BTC price and the price-rising cycle. From November 2011 to November 2012, before the halving of BTC output, BTC increased by 6.74 times in one year. From November 2012 to November 2013, BTC price increased by 99.57 times. In the third price-rising cycle, BTC price rose by a maximum of 2.87 times in about 11 months before the production cut. After halving, BTC price rose by a maximum of 29.73 times in about 11 months.

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4.2 BTC price cycle is closely related to its halving cycle
The change in the market value scale of BTC (circulation) is mainly caused by its price fluctuations, and has little to do with the changes in the total amount of BTC output. According to CMC data, by April 28, 2013, the total amount of BTC that had been mined was about 11.18 million pieces, which is more than 53% of the total amount of BTC of 21 million pieces. The halving mechanism of BTC also accelerated the marginal decline of BTC total growth rate. Compared with the amount of BTC already mined, the new supply of BTC is very insignificant. In addition, the volatility of BTC prices far exceeds the volatility of BTC's total output, and the market value of BTC fluctuates with its price.
The market value of BTC has increased in trend. Because of the trend of BTC price-rising, the number of BTC total output has also increased in one direction, and the market value of BTC has increased in the long run. According to CMC data, on April 28, 2013, BTC's market value in circulation was only 1.5 billion US dollars. By the peak of the third price-rising cycle, the market value increased to 326.1 billion US dollars, and the current market value also reached 113.8 billion US dollars, increased by 74.87 times.
The price volatility of BTC is gradually getting smaller. With the increasing of BTC market value in trend, the BTC market is becoming more and more mature, more and more accepted by the public, more and more professional organizations are participating, the compliance operation is becoming mainstream, and the BTC price volatility is decreasing. Similar to the historical process of other asset classes, and the same thing is repeated again and again. In the first price cycle, the price of BTC increased by 10636 times, and the fell by 93.76% maximum. In the second price cycle, the price of BTC increased by 623 times, and fell by 83.93% maximum. In the third price cycle, the maximum increase of BTC price was 98.57 times, and the biggest decline has not been confirmed

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4.3 BTC-led innovation continues to evolve and is more and more recognized by the mainstream
From BTC to Altcoin, from Altcoin to Crowdsale, there are iconic innovations and applications in every price cycle. In the first cycle, the birth and gradual application of BTC was a landmark event. In the second cycle, with the re-emergence of BTC in 2013, the tide of the Altcoins was rampant, and a large number of Altcoins appeared. In the third cycle, Crowdsale began to be popular around the world, many websites started to provide Crowdsale's news and discussion forum. Since 2017, Crowdsale has dominated the blockchain investment, far exceeding VCs and corporate investment.
The original intention of Nakamoto to create BTC is to establish a more efficient means of trading that can be electronically transferred in a safe, verifiable and non-tamperable form. During the early days of bitcoin and blockchain development, this drove the development of most applications of BTC and blockchain. However, with the development of blockchain technology, the evolution of digital token, the recognition of practitioners, and the evolution of government regulation, the changes led by BTC continue to evolve and gain more mainstream recognition.
More and more countries recognize that the blockchain reflects its unique value in many fields. The government has gradually incorporated digital token into regulation, and mainstream institutions are increasingly recognizing BTC. In 2017, the Chicago Mercantile Exchange (CME) officially launched BTC futures, as BTC took an important step toward mainstream investment, improving the accessibility of BTC to traditional financial institutions. In March 2017, Cameron's Cliveworth and Taylor W. Crawworth brothers attempted to submit an application to the US Securities and Exchange Commission for BTC ETF (transactional open-ended index fund). Although on September 22, 2018, US Securities and Exchange Commission rejected nine BTC ETF applications, the approval of BTC ETF application is a high probability event in the long run. With the continuous improvement of related infrastructure and the gradual maturity of the market, the pace of institutional entry has shown signs of acceleration. Since the end of 2018, news about the organization of encrypted assets by mainstream institutions has continued.

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5 The new journey of BTC will Start in May 2019
The fourth price-rising cycle of BTC will start in May 2019, and mainstream institutions will enter the market, while ETF may become the core trend of the fourth round of BTC price cycle.
From the perspective of supply, the third halving of BTC begins around May 21, 2020. The price-rising cycle of BTC is closely related to its halving period. The price-rising cycle starts about one year before halving. From this perspective, the BTC price-rising cycle may be opened around May 2019.

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From the time dimension, the complete BTC price cycle lasts for about four years. The third round of the price cycle, which started in August 2015, will be completed around August 2019, and the fourth round of the price cycle of BTC will begin thereafter. Considering that the data in the second round of the price cycle is more reliable, only the second round of price cycle data is used as the measurement standard, the complete price cycle is 1377 days, about 3 years and 9 months, and the third round price cycle may end around May 2019.
Combined with the previous two BTC price cycles, the downturn phase of the current price cycle has been probably more than half, and further downside space is limited. In the first two rounds of the price cycle, the duration of the downlink phase is less than the duration of the uplink phase. The duration of the third phase of the price cycle has been confirmed (845 days), while the duration of the downturn phase has been more than half of the upstream phase (450 days). From the first two rounds of the price cycle, the rapid decline in prices occurred in the early stage of the downtrend phase. The price fluctuations of BTC in the second half of the downturn phase have been significantly reduced. The BTC price declines reached 61% in the first half and 74% in the second round of the price cycle, and the corresponding maximum declines in BTC were 94% and 84% respectively. In the current round of the price cycle, the biggest drop has reached 84%, so take it from now, even if the price is further down, the downside space is already limited.
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Note: The data of the third round of the price cycle and the total duration are up to March 12, 2019.
From the price dimension, the downside space of the current round of BTC prices is limited, and the maximum increase of BTC's fourth price-rising cycle will become smaller. In the first price cycle, the price of BTC increased by 10636 times, and fell by 93.76% maximum. In the second price cycle, the price of BTC increased by 623 times, and fell by 83.93% maximum. In the third price cycle, the maximum increase of BTC price was 98.57 times, and the biggest decline has not been confirmed. On February 6, 2018, BTC fell to a minimum of 3,191.30 US dollars per piece, drop by 84.07%, has reached the low of second round of price cycle, from the perspective of price adjustment, BTC price downside has been more limited. The maximum increase in the fourth price-rising cycle of BTC will be smaller.
From the perspective of risk, after a year of continuous adjustment, BTC prices have fully fallen, risks have been gradually released, and investor’s risk appetite has risen to create favorable conditions for BTC prices to stabilize. Beginning at the end of December 2018, the VIX index has fallen, and now it has reached 15 or below. The investor's risk appetite has gradually picked up, creating favorable conditions for the BTC price to rise stably.
Last but not least, from the perspective of capital, the mainstream institutions accelerated their entry and many positive signals were released. With the continuous improvement of related infrastructure and the gradual maturity of the market, the pace of institutional entry has shown signs of acceleration. Since 2018, on the one hand, the entry of mainstream institutions can bring incremental funds to the entire market, on the other hand, it also contributes to the formal development of the entire industry.
The value of the BTC's market value in circulation continues to increase, and the digital token embraces regulation. It is expected that the ETF will be the core trend in the fourth price cycle. As the value of the BTC and digital token market increases, their use will be more tied-up to legitimate use than illegal activities. According to the US Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) data, only 10% of the current BTC transactions is related to illegal activities and 90% is used for legal transactions. BTC's increasingly large market value requires more financial support. Digital token will embrace supervision to absorb more funds, and ETF will be a viable solution. In the future, there is going to be an evolution from Crowdsale to ETF, from regulation to embrace supervision.
Note:
Although in this report, we try to predict the bottom and time of Token, especially BTC, by using time and space cycle, we would like to tell investors that it is very dangerous to invest basing on a specific dot and time. An investment shall base on the assessment of the value of the token.
Here are our suggestions: 1. Do not try to predict the market. Mistakes are liable to happen when you try to predict market harshly. 2. Feel the cycle. Cycle is always there, because of the constant human nature;3. Be with a good Token, which will bring you more chance to win. 4.Keep valuation in mind. The most important thing in value investing is to keep the valuation in mind. If the price is reasonable, everything is getable. The key is the difference between price and value (Absolute valuation method is not available with Token because of its specialty. However, a relative valuation method can be applied. Please refer to Token Toll’s report series).
Notions:
For some reasons, some definition in this report are not very defined, such as: Token, Digital Token, Digital Currency, Currency, Crowdsale, etc.
If you have any questions, be free to call us to discuss with us.

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submitted by Token_Roll to u/Token_Roll [link] [comments]

Coin Vs. Token: Knowing The Difference

Coin Vs. Token: Knowing The Difference

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Cryptocurrencies are digital currencies that are encoded (anchored) with complex cryptographic calculations, but do you know what’s the main difference between tokens and coins that everyone are talking?

What is Cryptography?

Cryptography is utilized here to anchor and verify the transfer of transactions. Cryptographic forms of money are fueled by an open ledger which records and approves all exchanges sequentially, which is known as a blockchain.

What are Coins?

Coins, for instance,Bitcoin, are a type of digital money which works freely of any other blockchain. In less complex terms, a coin is a digital currency that has its very own blockchain. The terms coin and a crypto-coin or altcoin can be utilized conversely.
Altcoins simply mean coins that speak to an option in contrast to Bitcoin. The greater part of the altcoins discovered today available are forks of Bitcoin, made by utilizing Bitcoin’s publicly released, unique platform and changing its base codes, bringing about a totally new coin with an alternate arrangement of functionalities.📷Here are a couple of precedents of altcoins; Namecoin, Peercoin, Litecoin, Dogecoin, and Auroracoin. There are different altcoins that aren’t derived from Bitcoin’s open-source convention. Or maybe, they have made their very own Blockchain and convention that underpins their local money. For instance: Ethereum, Ripple, Omni, Nxt, Waves, and Counterparty.

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However, how might you see whether a coin has its very own blockchain or not? You can enter CoinMarketCap’s site and view their whole list of coins alongside their appropriate platforms.

What are tokens?

In the world of business, the token can be defined as:
’’A unit of value that an organization creates to self-govern its business model, and empower its users to interact with its products while facilitating the distribution and sharing of rewards and benefits to all of its stakeholders.’’
The process of making new tokens is considerably less complex as you don’t need to adjust the codes from a specific convention or assemble a blockchain from ground zero. All that is required is to pursue a standard format on the blockchain – like that accessible on the platform – which empowers clients to make their own tokens.
Tokens are made using smart contracts, which are programmable computer contents which are self-executing and they require no third parties involved in order to work. A greater part of crypto Tokens is issued over an Initial Coin Offering (ICO). An ICO is comparative in concept to an Initial Public Offering (IPO) for stocks.
There are different sorts of tokens that can be classified in the accompanying classes: Security or Asset Tokens, Payment Tokens, Equity Tokens, and Utility Tokens.
Security Tokens – The tokens issued by ICOs are for the most part security tokens. Purchasing the security token is an investment in the ICO with the desire for the benefit. As per Swiss law, a similar treatment applies to them as with conventional securities.
Equity TokensAn equity token is a sort of token that speaks to some stock or value in the organization that issues it. Yet, few organizations resort to conduct such an ICO as a result of the absence of administrative direction with respect to the lawful restrictions of this sector.
Utility Tokens– Also known as application tokens, these tokens are utilized to give its holders access to either a product or service. They are additionally rare on the grounds that most tokens are relied upon to increment in cost dependent on their constrained accessibility.
Payment Tokens– The main motivation behind installment tokens is to pay for products and enterprises.

The Main Difference

Crypto coins and tokens have one noteworthy contrast, which is in their structure; altcoins are distinct currencies with their own different blockchain while tokens keep running over another blockchain which empowers the improvement of decentralized applications.

Conclusion

Computerized tokens and coins both serve indispensable jobs in the digital currency industry. While there truly is just a single key distinction between these two digital currency classes, realizing what isolated a crypto coin from a token is fundamental for understanding what is the goal of an undertaking. This specialized information can enable potential investors to figure out which ICOs are perfect venture choices.
submitted by TokenDashboard to u/TokenDashboard [link] [comments]

From the consensus mechanism to see the future of cryptocurrency

From the consensus mechanism to see the future of cryptocurrency

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GSC from PoW to ADPoS, from the consensus mechanism to see the future of cryptocurrency
In the world of cryptocurrency, the "consensus mechanism" is the foundation of a public chain, which directly determines the development and success of the public blockchain. From the PoW model of the earliest bitcoin to the PoS mechanism, to the controversial DPoS mechanism, how to build a safe and efficient consensus mechanism to make the project runs stably is becoming the focus of investors pay attention to. Today, the GSC takes everyone to look at the four mainstream consensus mechanisms in the cryptocurrency market and the differences between these mechanisms.
What is the consensus mechanism?
The cryptocurrency is decentralized. The basis of decentralization is that there are many P2P nodes. So what incentives are there to attract users to join the network to become nodes? At the same time, the focus of development is to let multiple nodes maintain a database, then how to decide which node to write? When to write? Once written, how to guarantee that it will not be changed by other nodes (irreversible)? The answer to these questions is the consensus mechanism.
POW-power consensus which was created by Bitcoin
PoW (Proof of Work), the workload proof mechanism, is the first generation of consensus mechanism and the basis of Bitcoin. In short, it is “rewarding by work” you will be paid by how much you work . In the online world, the labor here is the computing service you provide for the network (computing power × duration), the process of providing this service is "mining."

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Advantages:
1. Incentive model encourages multi-participation
Through the constant amount of Bitcoin, the calculation of "mining", the automatic adjustment of the mining difficulty, and the gradual halving of block rewards, etc., it can attract more people to participate.
2. The “mining” mechanism is relatively fair
This kind of mechanism can attract many users to participate in it. In particular, the earlier the participation, the more the acquisition will lead to the rapid development of the initial stage of cryptocurrency and the rapid expansion of the node network. In the era of CPU mining, Bitcoin attracted a lot of people to participate in "mining", which is a good proof. It is relatively fair to issue new coins through “mining” and distribute bitcoin to individuals.
Disadvantages:
1.Huge Consumption
The computing power is provided by computer hardware (CPU, GPU, etc.). It consumes electricity and is directly consumed by energy. It is contrary to the concept of human beings pursuing energy conservation, cleanliness and environmental protection.
2. Monopoly power
This mechanism has developed to the present day, users from the personal mining development to large mining pools, mines, concentration of power is becoming more and more obvious. This runs counter to the direction of decentralization, and the security of the network is gradually threatened.
3. Security is getting weaker
The Bitcoin block reward will be halved every four years. When the cost of mining is higher than the mining revenue, people's enthusiasm for mining is reduced. It is likely that there will be a large amount of computing power which will be reduced. The security of the future Bitcoin network is full of uncertainty. .📷
PoS - a solution that benefits a few people
PoS (Proof of Stake), the equity certification mechanism, is a system for paying interest based on how much money a user holds and the time (coin age). The most typical example in reality is stocks or bank deposits. If the user wants to get more money, then open the client and keep it online to benefit from “interest” while keeping the network secure.

https://preview.redd.it/boe0jpv4dax11.jpg?width=900&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=f61fdc6f8a47b540e1d7488a6056004e4c947a11
Advantade:
1.Energy saving
No need to mine, it will not consume a lot of electricity and energy.
2. More decentralized
Decentralization is relative. Compared to PoW-type cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin, the cryptocurrency of the PoS mechanism basically doesn't have too high demand for computer hardware. Everyone can mine (get interest) without worrying about occurrence of the concentration of computing power(single users get 51% of the money through purchase, the cost is higher), the network is more secure and secure.
3. Avoid tightening
The cryptocurrency of the PoW mechanism may lead to deflation due to various reasons such as user loss. However, the cryptocurrency of the PoS mechanism increases the currency at a certain annual interest rate, which can effectively avoid the occurrence of austerity and maintain basic stability.
Disadvantage:
The cryptocurrency of pure PoS mechanism can only be issued through IPO, which leads to “a few people” (usually developers) getting a lot of cryptocurrency with very low cost. In the face of profits, it is difficult to guarantee that they will not sell in large quantities. The cryptocurrency of the PoS mechanism's credit basis is not strong enough. DPoS - a community mechanism that relies on voting governance
DPoS (Delegated Proof of Stake): Authorized Equity Certification Mechanism
For the cryptocurrency of the PoS mechanism, each node can create a block and get "interest" according to the individual's shareholding ratio. The DPoS is created by a community-trusted trusted account (trustee, here the first 101 nodes with the number of votes) which creats block. In order to become an official trustee, users have to go to the community to canvass and gain the trust of enough users.
The 101 trustees have the same rights to each other. Those who hold cryptocurrencies can change these representatives at any time by voting. As long as they provide unstable computing power, computer downtime, or trying to use their rights to do evil, they will be kicked out of the system by the voters, and the backup representative can always go up.

https://preview.redd.it/xrtlwd76dax11.jpg?width=900&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=97dc321c8acc4d2a04ef297f249820dc661454ad
Advantage
1. Lower energy consumption
The DPoS mechanism further reduces the number of nodes to 101. Under the premise of ensuring network security, the energy consumption of the entire network is further reduced.
2. Avoid high computing monopoly
For Bitcoin, personal mining is relatively unrealistic. Bitcoin's computing power is concentrated in the hands of several large mining pools. Each mining pool is centralized. In this perspective, DPoS is like a trustee, so the cryptocurrency of the DPoS mechanism can avoid high computing monopolies like Bitcoin.
3. Faster confirmation speed
The time for each block is 10 seconds, a transaction (after getting 6-10 confirmations) is about 1 minute, and a complete 101 block cycle takes about 16 minutes. Bitcoin (PoW mechanism) takes 10 minutes to generate a block, and takes 1 hour after a transaction is completed (after 6 blocks are confirmed). The Peercoin (PoS mechanism) confirms a transaction will also take about an hour.
Disadvantage
1. The voting enthusiasm is not high
The well-known project EOS uses the DPoS mechanism. According to the EOS campaign results, the majority of shareholders (90%) never voted. This is because voting takes time, energy and skills, which is what most investors lack.
2. Pan-democracy causes inferior nodes
The pan-democratic that everyone can vote will result in the inferior quality of the selected nodes, failing to fulfill the responsibilities that the nodes should assume, and causing the entire ecological paralysis. There are many difficulties in dealing with these bad nodes. It is difficult for community elections to prevent them from appearing in a timely and effective manner.
ADPoS - the first effective management model
ADPoS (Account Delegated Proof of Stake), was created by the GSC based on DPoS. In order to meet the needs of high-performance trading, the GSC has made optimization and innovation of the DPoS mechanism. The ADPoS mechanism, created by the community-trusted account (trustee, the top 23 votes) to creat block,meanwhile, there are 50 spare nodes, and the GSC evaluates the value of the account by multi-dimensional value. The high value account will be given more voting rights, and differents from DPoS votes that everyone can votes.
Through SVN (Social Value Unit) social value measurement unit, value evaluation for account number, SVN=PoA+PoC+PoW, PoA (Proof of Activity) effective activity certificate, PoC (Proof of Charm) effective charm certificate, PoW (PoW (Proof of Charm) Proof of Wealth) The proof of effective wealth, the GSC gives the elites more voting rights through such a value assessment mechanism.
The ADPoS mechanism is similar to the Chinese People's Congress system and the US two-party system. Take the people's congress system as an example. Each province and city chooses its own representatives through elections, and then these representatives participate in the people's congress. Such elections are more fair and more efficient.

https://preview.redd.it/39233t67dax11.jpg?width=900&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=b56e7037a762f115db075002429db549faba6d2f
Advantage
1. Energy consumption is lower than DPoS
GSC's ADPoS reduces the number of nodes to 23 (with 50 spare nodes), and 23 high-performance super nodes ensure network operation.
2. The speed of confirm is further improved
In the GSC test network environment, it acieved that creat a block only takes 3 seconds, and one transaction was completed in about 30 seconds. This speed is better than PoW, PoS, DPoS.
3. Higher node quality
Through the SVN model, each account is valued, making the election vote more fair and democratic, so that the elite has more voting rights. The selected nodes have higher quality.📷
Whether the blockchain project can be achieved is directly related to the future of cryptocurrency. With the market changes, more public chain teams are actively looking for solutions that ensure both safety and efficiency. Voting requires time, effort, and skill. The same to DPoS, the ADPoS mechanism has a problem of low voting enthusiasm. However, compared with the PoW and PoS mechanisms, the ADPoS mechanism maximally balance the fairness and efficiency, and facilitates the large-scale application of blockchain projects. With the development of the blockchain industry in the future, the issue of low voting enthusiasm is also expected to be resolved. The GSC test network was officially launched at the end of August. From the current test situation, the ADPoS mechanism has its advantages, which brings potential for the decentralized application of large-scale landing in the future. Can it meet expectations in the future? let us wait and see!
submitted by GSCOfficial to u/GSCOfficial [link] [comments]

Cryptocurrency Market - The Biggest Trends to watch out for 2018-2025

New market research study provides an analysis and evaluation of the current and prospective profitability, liquidity and financial stability of Global Cryptocurrency Industry.
Cryptocurrency is a digital currency which operates on cryptographic techniques to complete safe transaction. Being decentralized with no governing body/central body involved in verifying transaction, secured protection and producing new currencies are projected to be the major reason for the market growth over the forecast period. Moreover, cryptocurrency’s community which include miners/stakers, developers, service providers, users etc. drive the governance of cryptocurrencies. The positive feedback loop has made the community more homogenous.
Globally, cryptocurreny has been selected as digital payment method for the future financial world. These convenient currencies are completely digital requiring online transaction unlike physical cash. Hustle free transaction and deduction in entire ownership cost are few key features propelling the industry.
Major drivers include authentication, ease of transaction, complete security, faster international transaction are expected to spur the market growth with steady performance. Moreover, the industry has not been confined with government rules, exchange rates, interest rates or international transaction fee, hence, making the currency more convenient for application.
The currencies can also be transferred digitally via devices such as smartphones, since they are completely unrestricted from any centralized bank/authorities. Vendors and consumers prefer virtual money for making payments, henceforth, creating new opportunities for the market growth.
Get PDF with Technological trends at https://www.xpodenceresearch.com/Request-Sample/105813
Tax-free & compliance-free transactions, lesser chances of identity theft & fraud and negligible fee charged for cryptocurreny transaction are few other key elements augmenting the industry growth over the forecast period. Moreover, lack of awareness among the people and stringent rules and regulations for application of robots in various countries is expected to restrain the market growth. The emerging industry is projected to grow over the forecast period with more public awareness and continuous increase of new market players with innovative product/services.
The market has been segmented into type of currency, mining types, and application. The type of currency segment includes Bitcoin, Litecoin, Ethereum, Ripple, and others. Mining type is segregated into solo and pool mining. The application segment includes banking, real estate, stock market and virtual currency. Other application for the market includes retail sector, gaming industry, education, logistics & transportation, BFSI, tourism sector, media and entertainment industry. BFSI is expected to acquire the major share followed by retail sector operating on cryptocurrencies. The cryptocurrency mining hardware includes Central Processing Unit (CPU) mining, Graphics Processing Unit (GPU) mining, Field-Program Gate Array (FPGA) mining, and Application-Specific Integrated Circuit (ASIC) mining. ASIC mining can calculate 10,000 times faster than conventional CPU mining.
Increasing acceptance and potential growth for this industry have attracted various small vendors globally for competing in the market. Apart from Bitcoin, Litcoin has also gained prominence in the market over last few years, there are plenty of vendors in the market namely as Litecoin, Namecoin, Novacoin, Peercoin, Ripple, Steller, Primecoin, Megacoin, and many others.
Geographically, the market is expended across North America (U.S., Mexico, and Canada), Europe (UK, France, Germany, and rest of Europe), Asia-Pacific (China, Japan, India, Australia, and rest of Asia-Pacific), and MEA (Middle East, Latin America, and Africa). North America region dominates the market owing to the regulations offered by the government. Brazil and Canada are other major regions using cryptocurreny due to rules and regulations
Obtain Report Details with technological advancement at https://www.xpodenceresearch.com/Reports/Cryptocurrency-Market
Key market players include Intel Corporation, Microsoft Corporation, Xilinx, Inc., NVIDIA Corporation, 21 Inc. AlphaPoint Corporation , Amazon.com, Inc., Advanced Micro Devices, Inc, BTL Group Ltd.(Blockchain Tech), BitGo, BitFury Group , Coinbase UK, Ltd. Coinsecure, Unocoin, Coinbase, Bitstamp Ltd., Zebpay,, Poloniex Inc., Bitfury Group Limited, Global Area Holding Inc., Digital Limited, IBM Corp, are the other niche players.
About Us:
Xpodence Research is a U.S. based Market Research Company and offers the most extensive collection of progressive surveying syndicated and customized research reports of various categories for private and public industries across the globe.
We offer the comprehensive market research solution for all the industries by performing the in-depth study of industry trends, verticals globally. We believe in building an eternal bond with our customers through providing them inclusive research study both customized and syndicated based on their specific requirements.
The organizations in every industry such as Technology, Pharmaceuticals, Consumable Goods, Food & Beverage and others demands a market-based solutions for various significant decisions based on productivity and output globally. Our services are tailored specifically to our clients by proposing them the potential outcome, based on our in-depth analysis and insights for exploring the growth strategies through providing the best possible decision for quality production.
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submitted by mansee36 to u/mansee36 [link] [comments]

NuBits White Paper -- Critique on "The Problems Being Solved by Nu"

On Jordan Lee's white paper for Nubits. In particular, the section titled "The Problems Being Solved by Nu".
See here: https://nubits.com/about/white-paper#the-problems-being-solved-by-nu
This is not a comprehensive critique, but a point or two from the above section that I'd like to critique a bit (no pun intended). Also, this is not meant to dissuade anyone from buying or using any particular crypto currency. But rather the purpose here is to challenge a couple points in the paper that seem to downplay both bitcoin and peercoin as viable long term currencies on the two basis of:
current and/or projected volatility AND the intentions of persons holding crypto currency.
From the paper:
(1) "Currencies must have a stable value to be effective, while Peercoin and Bitcoin have exhibited exceptional volatility. Many argue volatility will end with the high liquidity that will accompany widespread adoption. While volatility will decrease with greater adoption, it is unlikely volatility will ever be less than occurs with large cap stocks such as Google or Microsoft. This is still an unacceptable level of volatility for a currency."
Yes, there are reason to think the volatility should stabilize with further adoption. However, I disagree with comparing the potential stability of any widely adopted crypto-currency that of even the largest of large cap stocks. Crypto-currencies do not rely on the decisions of a handful of executives or a marketing campaign to sell the idea to use this product. When is the last time anyone has seen advertisements for using any currency? However, crypto-currencies are limited like a commodity. And like most all commodities, the value tends to increase per unit with time and increased adoption/usage. So, I'd argue that they have more potential volatility of that of precious metals. This may be argued to still be too volatile as a currency. Yet, metals have been used as currency for thousands of years. Furthermore, if that is the case, you could expect your holdings to increase in buying power per unit - this doesn't have to be labeled as a risky speculation any more than real estate or a basic supply/demand model where supply is limited and demand only grows as it becomes more adopted and where the population continues to increase. You probably want your currency to TEND to increase in value! Not decrease. While pegging nubits to the dollar will certainly satisfy the volatility issue, it then inherits one of the key disadvantages of fiat that bitcoin and many other crypto currencies avoid. Inflation. Consider that the dollar has lost nearly 20% of it's buying power in just the past ten years. If it were possible, perhaps, it would have been better to peg nubits to the price of some small standard weight of gold instead which is nearly double the value over the past ten years (partly because gold has a limited supply and because of the inflation of the dollar - sound familiar?). Sure, this is still more volatility than the dollar. But considering the dollar today is worth only 80% of what it was 10 years ago, and gold is worth roughly double that in the same period today. And if the value of what you are holding is changing by, for example generally increasing in value, then yes you are incurring volatility. However, who would complain about volatility if the value of tends to increase?
(2) "Let us suppose I am wrong and that volatility will be eliminated in these networks. In that case they would serve well as currencies but poorly as shares, because they would not appreciate, nor give dividends. This would likely cause a selloff of these "shares", thereby introducing volatility once again."
I think the true value of crypto is not it's ability to increase in value as a speculative vehicle. Rather, it's true value is to detach itself from the manipulations of governments and central banking institutions. Nubits marries the dollar. This solves one [current and possibly temporary] problem of volatility, but adopts the inflationary pressures that are upon the dollar. To the credit of nubits, however, if it were widely accepted, I'd rather have nubits than dollars because it would make sending money so much easier, and I would not need to rely on banking institutions!
(3) "The critical flaw is that Peercoin and Bitcoin use the same fungible unit for share and currency functions. Shares must have the capacity to appreciate and reflect changes in the perceived value of the network while currency must remain stable regardless to be effective. It is impossible to accommodate these diverse pricing needs in a single unit."
Crypto currencies are still new. So this volatility is understandable. And because it seems more analogous to a commodity such as gold or silver as a means of exchanging value. And because precious metals have been used for thousands of years as currency. Where paper replaced it mainly as a convenience to carrying around the metal, but it still represented gold deposits. I don't see any real critical problems just yet. For now, my biggest concern would be block-chain bloat. But I don't know if that is critical either.
Other than all that. I think nubits has a place in the crypto world, and could do very well as a utility for exchange. And even though it would be pegged to the dollar, it would be better than dollars! However, because it adopts dollars inflation and vulnerabilities, I'm not convinced this is a real third generation crypto-currency that will be superior to bitcoin or peercoin. It's more of a lateral improvement to bitcoin and peercoin, imo. That is, there are trade-offs involved. In summary, I think nubits it is very innovative and something to watch, and there are many (but not all!) where the volatility concern is more important, and it does seem to completely solve the volatility problem. However, it seems coins such as bitcoin, litecoin and peercoin will still have their place as a digital form of currency.
That's my two cents. ;)
submitted by earthhill to peercoin [link] [comments]

CRYPTOCURRENCY 101 (#1): WHAT IS BLOCKCHAIN? WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN COINS AND TOKENS?

BLOCKCHAIN
Blockchain is a new technology that related to database and information transmission, information is connected as blocks. Each block contains created time, information and links to previous blocks. Number of blocks is limited.
Information within a blockchain cannot be modified, and we just can increase information when every node in the chain complies with a new request. Even if a part of a blockchain is compromised or damaged, every last piece of the blockchain would continue to operate and protect the system & information.
The strongest point of blockchain technology is decentralized applications. Information is not contained at one point, but on a whole chain. Every transaction is conducted directly without any mediator, and recorded by every node within the blockchain. Therefore, every transaction have been made could not be modified and precision of each transaction would be protected.
Please keep in mind that all coins or tokens are cryptocurrencies, even if most of the coins do not function as a currency or medium of exchange.
The two most common types of cryptocurrencies are: Altcoins (Alternative Cryptocurrency Coins) and Tokens.
ALTCOINS
Altcoins or simply “coins” are an alternative to Bitcoin. The majority of altcoins are a variant (fork) of Bitcoin, built using Bitcoin’s open-sourced, original protocol with changes to its underlying codes. As a result, an entirely new coin is created, with a different set of features. Examples of altcoins that are variants of Bitcoins codes are Litecoin, Dogecoin, Peercoin, hay Auroracoin, etc.
Besides, there are other altcoins that aren’t derived from Bitcoin’s open-source protocol. They have created their own Blockchain and protocol that supports their native currency instead. For example: Ethereum, Ripple, Waves, etc.
A commonality of all altcoins is that they each possess their own independent blockchain, where transactions relating to their native coins occur in.
TOKENS
Tokens usually reside on top of another blockchain, and represent an asset or utility for that particular blockchain. Basically, Tokens can represent any assets that are fungible and tradeable, from commodities to loyalty points to even other cryptocurrencies.
Creating tokens is an easier process, we do not have to modify the codes from a particular protocol or create a separated Blockchain from scratch. All we have to do is follow a standard template on the blockchain – such as on the Ethereum or Waves platform. This allows us to create our own tokens, a unique feature of smart contract – To be specific, smart contract are programmable computer codes that are self-executing and do not need any third-parties to operate
Tokens are created and distributed to the public through an ICO (Initial Coin Offering) – it means “crowdfunding”, through the release of a new cryptocurrency or token to fund project development, which is similar to IPO (Initial Public Offering for stocks).
IN SHORT
Altcoins and Tokens are basically different in their structure. Altcoins own their separate currencies and their separate Blockchain. On the other hand, Token operates on top of a Blockchain that facilitates the creation of decentralized applications.
(To be Continued)
Bacoor Vietnam
submitted by BacoorVietnam to u/BacoorVietnam [link] [comments]

Further discussion of why I think "store of value" should not be the principal argument as to why people should get into peercoin.

Again and again I see people on this sub argue for the future of peercoin by saying it will be a great "store of value" - essentially making the case that its okay that the transaction fee will prevent it from being useful for everything but the larger transactions.
I've heard arguments that it will be like bonds, or like art. But, in my opinion, those analogies don't hold up.
"Store of value" is never a principal property of anything. Mona Lisa is valuable to rich people who wish to demonstrate their wealth, same with gold, bonds are valuable because those who buy them feel they are investing in a government that serves a purpose. Tide detergent has been useful to drug dealers because there is a market for Tide for cleaning clothing. Bitcoin has thus far held value because people are anticipating its usefulness in all sorts of transactions, big and small. All of these things become valuable and hold value for real or anticipated usefulness.
If peercoin wishes to some day be a store of value it needs to be useful at the core - not a "store of value" at the core.
Rather than comparing cryptos to art and bonds I would compare them to tech stocks. People buy and hold Facebook stock b/c they anticipate the technology (the website) will continue to be useful to people. When you invest in a crypto you are investing in the future usefulness of the crypto. People buy it and hold it because they have come to understand it will be useful. If something comes along to demonstrate that said crypto won't be useful people will flee.
"Store of value" is never a primary characteristic of anything - only ever a secondary characteristic to otherwise usefulness of the underlying commodity. (correct me if I'm wrong)
There are a lot of people showing up on this thread making the argument that, while they think proof of stake is genius, they are not investing in peercoin because they see the transaction fee preventing its future usefulness. I'm invested in peercoin. But the more I see the argument that peercoin is primarily a "store of value" and does not need to be widely used in transactions, the more I think about selling my stake.
I know Sunny can still modify the transaction fee so I'm hoping he will - or at least provide a better argument than the ones provided on this sub.
EDIT: Great discussion here. I'm sure Sunny will make the smartest decisions about the fee given any set of conditions. But I think the more we all know about that plan the better off we will be in speaking about the properties of this great coin.
submitted by beastcoin to peercoin [link] [comments]

TAXES: Did anyone report their altcoin trades as "like-kind" transactions

Just wondering, did anyone report their alt-coin trades as like-kind transactions from bitcoin to altcoin or any other combination?
Last year I realized a lot of capital gains from a litecoin + peercoin pair-trade, and (over)paid taxes on them assuming a cost basis of near zero, since I didn't remember what price I
a) bought the bitcoin for with USD
b) how many bitcoin I bought them for
c) how I acquired those PARTICULAR bitcoin, whether from purchasing, mining, dividends, gambling, trading crypto-stocks etc
d) and the average price of my litecoin + peercoin purchases with bitcoin
e) most certainly didn't consider what those litecoins and peercoins USD value was when I bought them
I noticed the "capital asset" tax exemption that the IRS gave in their bitcoin guidance (A-7) and its otherwise treatment as property.
Although I took my litecoin profits back to BTC and then back to USD since I expected the bubble to pop (as it did), as a like-kind exchange one could defer the capital gains indefinitely as exchanges between cryptocurrencies but the like-kind exchange would still have to be reported.
As a like-kind transaction, even selling the cryptocurrency for USD wouldn't have to be a short-term or long-term capital gains event if you intend to rebuy a different/equivalent cryptocurrency.
There is no clarity on this of course. There are both "qualifying" like kind exchanges, and non-qualifying assets. Cryptocurrency isn't among them, neither are other currencies for that matter but other currencies may be considered debt instruments which are definitely non-qualifying.
Thats what makes it interesting, wondering if anyone actually reported form 8824
There is a possible very favorable outcome here. Cryptocurrency is "property" which is generally subject to like kind transaction, and other cryptocurrencies are functionally equivalent generally subject to like kind transactions.
submitted by cqm to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

My two Verts on how to get greater adoption, and what EVERYONE can do.

Hi all,
Just wanted to throw a few things out there as thoughts I've had and hopefully either get a response as to either why I'm wrong, or get some actions being taken by those who agree.
First and foremost, I've seen an uptick in interest in the last 24 hours in things that can be done to improve vertcoins standing and this is fantastic. Unfortunately what I also see with this is the usual "Oh, but I don't have skill X Y or Z so I can't help".
That line of thinking simply isn't true"
If you don't have the technical ability, you can always work on the other half of the vertcoin problem: outreach. Peercoin ran an ad on the dogecoin subreddit, has anyone thought about doing something like that? It doesn't even have to cost money in the form of a physical ad. There will always be competition, but at least for the forseeable future many people are looking for a top 4-5 coins that will eventually lead the way forward. I believe we need to start getting mindspace where we can get it. If someone asks "What's a good coin to invest in" and Vert is the third or fourth thing on their list, that's huge. People don't necessarily want to be involved in the world of #1 and #2 and those that haven't heard of us will do some research and hopefully see what vert has to offer. We won't overtake Litecoin overnight, so we need to be doing the groundwork to make sure people see us as the next logical replacement.
So for that point: I propose reaching out to other communities like Doge. Many people are still very new to crypto and have room in their hearts (and wallets) to support at least a couple of their favorite brands. Have a coordinated Tip night on dogecoin and give a little Vert to create a lot of interest. Evangelize (politely!) the benefits of Vert, and that it isn't just a pump and dump stock abandoned by its community.
People are excited about Bit (and Lite/Dogecoin) because many people are accepting them as currency and not just holding on to them. If the developers are extremely active and looking at new ways to keep pushing on that front we can stay a leg ahead of the other altcoins in this game. I plan on asking for Vert for things I can sell online, and others doing the same would help as well. For whatever reason I can't mine vert at the moment, but I will do my best to get and spread it where I can.
One final note: I believe that the following week(s) are extremely crucial, and higher risk than normal. Gox is down, and when(if) it comes back up, there is going to be a flood of previously inaccessible bitcoins into the market. Some of that will be converted to cash, some will stay as bitcoins, but invariably, there WILL be people looking to invest into another coin. We need to do our best to make people know that this is the correct coin to choose for the future.
If you disagree with something I believe, please, post constructively and let's move forward!
submitted by stryken to vertcoin [link] [comments]

Bitcoin Vs. Peercoin Mining - Which Makes you MORE MONEY? How Does BitCoin Work? - YouTube $19000 Bitcoin!, Peercoin Soft Fork Incoming! Gold & Silver! Peercoin Primer #2: Security Peercoin vs Bitcoin

Peercoin price today is $0.232349 USD with a 24-hour trading volume of $30,778.55 USD. Peercoin is up 1.03% in the last 24 hours. The current CoinMarketCap ranking is #677, with a market cap of $6,172,633 USD. It has a circulating supply of 26,566,264 PPC coins and the max. supply is not available. You can find the top exchanges to trade Peercoin listed on our Peercoin (CURRENCY:PPC) traded down 2.9% against the U.S. dollar during the 1-day period ending at 20:00 PM ET on October 4th. One Peercoin coin can now be purchased for about $0.24 or 0.00002267 BTC on cryptocurrency exchanges. Peercoin has a market capitalization of $6.44 million and $32,058.00 worth of Peercoin was traded on exchanges in […] <p>October 2020 10:33 PM (GMT). The term â altcoinsâ is short for alternative coins. The price is below the 21-Day WEMA which acts as a dynamic resistance. </p> <p>Peercoin seeks to be the cheapest, most secure crypto-coin, by rewarding all users for strengthening the network. </p> <p>Minting is the equivalent of mining, however it does not require any specialized hardware. It is currently ... PEERCOIN/BITCOIN is in a range bound and the beginning of uptrend is expected. . The price is below the 21-Day WEMA which acts as a dynamic resistance. . The RSI is at 32. Trading suggestion: . There is a possibility of temporary retracement to suggested support zone (0.00014140 to 0.00011550). if so, traders can set orders based on... Bitcoin to help prioritize transactions, for example, although it didn’t play much of an critical role in Bitcoin’s security model. Coin age is simply defined as currency amount times holding period. In a simple to understand example, if Bob received 10 coins from Alice and held it for 90 days, we say that Bob has accumulated 900 coin-days of coin age. Additionally, when Bob spent the 10 ...

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Bitcoin Vs. Peercoin Mining - Which Makes you MORE MONEY?

We take a comprehensive look at the differences between Bitcoin and Peercoin. This video touches on some of the long-term sustainability issues inherent in B... If money is only valuable when we believe in it, how much is a BitCoin actually worth? Jonathan explains the virtual currency as well as how to mine it and t... A comparison of peercoin and bitcoin. This video highlights the positives and negatives of each coin. Donations welcome! Bitcoin:16nw52qCMdL1PrnQVZn6iKT5SoZG... Bitcoin aur peercoin wallet kese banate hai - Duration: 13:33. Paisa kamao with Panchanana 487 views. 13:33. How To Buy LiteCoin & Exchange Reviews - LiteCoin For Beginners ... This video is unavailable. Watch Queue Queue. Watch Queue Queue

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